Murderabelia Murderabelia Murderabelia Murderabelia Murderabelia Murderabelia Murderabelia Murderabelia Murderabelia
Murderabelia
Murderabelia Murderabelia

SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE, SERIAL KILLER TRADING CARDSSERIAL KILLER TRADING CARDSSERIAL KILLER TRADING CARDS Newest Serial Killer Articles Newest Serial Killer Articles Newest Serial Killer Articles SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE


FAN OF THE MONTH

Newest Serial Killer Articles RETURN TO TOP

Incall: The Making Of An American Serial Killer
WildBluePress
Serial Killer Reading List
Also known as Oklahoma
The Killer Castle
Interview With Cannibal Killer Issei Sagawa
Top 4 Modern Cases Of Cannibalism
Senseless Murder Of Children
The Music Of Charles Manson
Killers History Is Trying To Forget
All Those Missing People
Manson And The Process Church
Sexual Sadists
Serial Killer Good Deeds
The Minds of Serial Killers
Serial Killer Methods of Disposal
The History of Serial Killers
Serial Killer Victim of Choice
My Experience With Richard Ramirez
Serial Killer Coincidental Catchings
Speed Freak Killers
Arthur Shawcross Interview
The Hand Of Death Cult
Pleading Insanity
Brain Fingerprinting Testing
Female Serial Killers
How to Survive a Serial Killer
Sympathetic Serial Killers
Serial Killers Who Got Away
The Real and the Imagined
Serial Killers In Ohio
Occupations of Serial killers
Serial Killers And Hiding bodies
Psychological Phases of Serial Killers
Serial Killers and Astrology
Last Words From Death Row
Serial Killers And Occult Murders
Infamous Murder Houses
Early Released Serial Killers
Grisliest Axe Murderers
BTK Killer Trivia
Killers Who Changed Their Minds
From Hero To Homicide
The Last Thing You Would Expect
People Who Survived Serial Killers


SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE RETURN TO TOP

Charles ALBRIGHT
Rodney ALCALA
Howard Arthur ALLEN
Richard ANGELO
Amy ARCHER-GILLIGAN
Benjamin ATKINS
Joe BALL
Velma BARFIELD
Herb BAUMEISTER
Martha BECK
Bloody BENDERS
Robert BERDELLA
David BERKOWITZ
Kenneth BIANCHI
Richard BIEGENWALD
Jake BIRD
Arthur Gary BISHOP
Lawrence BITTAKER
Terry BLAIR
William BONIN
Angelo BUONO, Jr.
Dallen BOUNDS
Gary Ray BOWLES
Briley BROTHERS
Jerry BRUDOS
Judy BUENOANO
Carol M. BUNDY
Ted BUNDY
Ricardo CAPUTO
Harvey CARIGNAN
David CARPENTER
Richard CHASE
Thor Nis CHRISTIANSEN
Joseph CHRISTOPHER
Douglas CLARK
Cynthia COFFMAN
Alton COLEMAN
John Norman COLLINS
Daniel CONAHAN
Rory Enrique CONDE
Ray and Faye COPELAND
Dean CORLL
Juan CORONA
Tony COSTA
Richard COTTINGHAM
Juan COVINGTON
Andre CRAWFORD
Charles CULLEN
Jeffrey DAHMER
Thomas DILLON
Westley Allan DODD
Ronald DOMINIQUE
Nannie DOSS
Brian DUGAN
Joseph E. DUNCAN III
Paul DUROUSSEAU
Edward EDWARDS
Mack Ray EDWARDS
Walter E. ELLIS
Scott ERSKINE
Donald Leroy EVANS
Gary EVANS
Richard EVONITZ
Larry EYLER
Raymond FERNANDEZ
Albert FISH
Wayne Adam FORD
Bobby Jack FOWLER
Kendall FRANCOIS
Joseph Paul FRANKLIN
John Wayne GACY
Gerald GALLEGO
Carlton GARY
Donald Henry Peewee GASKINS
Alfred GAYNOR
Ed GEIN
Janie Lou GIBBS
Bertha GIFFORD
Kristen GILBERT
Sean Vincent GILLIS
Lorenzo GILYARD
Harvey GLATMAN
Billy GLAZE
Billy GOHL
Mark GOUDEAU
David Alan GORE
Dana Sue GRAY
Vaughn GREENWOOD
Samuel GREEN
Belle GUNNESS
Anna Marie HAHN
William HANCE
Robert HANSEN
Donald HARVEY
Charles Ray HATCHER
Dale HAUSNER
Linda HAZZARD
William HEIRENS
Elmer Wayne HENLEY
Loren HERZOG
Johann Otto HOCH
Dr. H. H. HOLMES
Waneta HOYT
Michael HUGHES
Leslie IRVIN
Phillip Carl JABLONSKI
Keith Hunter JESPERSON
Martha Ann JOHNSON
Milton JOHNSON
Vincent JOHNSON
Genene JONES
Jim JONES
John JOUBERT
Joseph KALLINGER
Patrick KEARNEY
Edmund KEMPER
Israel KEYES
Scott Lee KIMBALL
Roger KIBBE
Tillie KLIMEK
Paul John KNOWLES
Anthony KIRKLAND
Randy Steven KRAFT
Timothy KRAJCIR
Peter KUDZINOWSKI
Richard KUKLINSKI
Leonard LAKE
Delphine LALAURIE
Derrick Todd LEE
Bobbie Joe LONG
Michael Lee LOCKHART
Henry Lee LUCAS
Orville Lynn MAJORS
Richard Laurence MARQUETTE
Lee Roy MARTIN
Rhonda Belle MARTIN
David MASON
David Edward MAUST
Kenneth MCDUFF
David MEIRHOFER
Stephen MORIN
Frederick MORS
John Allen MUHAMMAD
Herbert MULLIN
Joseph NASO
Robert NIXON
Earle NELSON
Charles NG
Marie NOE
Roy NORRIS
Gordon NORTHCOTT
Carl PANZRAM
Gerald PARKER
Louise PEETE
Steven Brian PENNELL
Christopher PETERSON
Craig PRICE
Harry POWERS
Cleophus PRINCE JR.
Marion Albert PRUETT
Dorothea PUENTE
Dennis RADER
Richard RAMIREZ
Melvin REES
Paul Dennis REID
Ángel Maturino RESÉNDIZ
Gary RIDGWAY
Joel RIFKIN
Harvey Miguel ROBINSON
John Edward ROBINSON
Dayton Leroy ROGERS
Glen Edward ROGERS
Danny ROLLING
Michael Bruce ROSS
Robert ROZIER
Kimberly Clark SAENZ
Efren SALDIVAR
Altemio SANCHEZ
Gerard John SCHAEFER
Charles SCHMID
Heriberto SEDA
Tommy Lynn SELLS
Arthur SHAWCROSS
Lydia SHERMAN
Wesley SHERMANTINE
Anthony Allen SHORE
Robert SHULMAN
Daniel Lee SIEBERT
Robert Joseph SILVERIA, Jr.
Lemuel SMITH
Morris SOLOMON Jr.
Anthony SOWELL
Timothy Wilson SPENCER
Jack Owen SPILLMAN
Edward SPREITZER
Gerald STANO
Cary STAYNER
Paul Michael STEPHANI
William SUFF
Michael SWANGO
James SWANN
Joseph TABORSKY
John Floyd THOMAS, Jr.
Ottis TOOLE
Jane TOPPAN
Maury TRAVIS
Chester TURNER
Henry Louis WALLACE
Faryion WARDRIP
Karl F. WARNER
Coral Eugene WATTS
Nathaniel WHITE
Christopher WILDER
Scott WILLIAMS
Wayne WILLIAMS
Shirley WINTERS
Aileen WUORNOS
Robert LEE YATES
Robert ZARINSKY


SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE RETURN TO TOP

Christine ADEWUNMI
Sara Maria ALDRETE
Nasra Yussef Mohammed AL-ENEZI
Patricia Taylor ALLANSON
Beverley Gail ALLITT
Angelica Salazar ALVAREZ
Maria Isabella AMAYA
Lyda Catherine AMBROSE
Michele Kristen ANDERSON
Amy ARCHER-GILLIGAN
Gertraud ARZBERGER
Francisca BALLESTEROS
Margie Velma BARFIELD
Juana BARRAZA
Martha BECK
Marie Alexandrine BECKER
Amanda BENNETT
Marie BESNARD
Amy BISHOP
Elfriede BLAUENSTEINER
Cecile BOMBEEK
Lizzie Andrew BORDEN
Kathy BOUDIN
The Marquise de BRINVILLIERS
Mary Ann BRITLAND
Mary Ann BROUGH
Debra Denise BROWN
Denise Dianna BUCHANAN
Judias Anna BUENOANO
Dora Luz BUENROSTRO
Erin Michelle CAFFEY
Angela CAMACHO
Martha "Patty" CANNON
Socorro CARO
Leonarda CIANCIULLI
Cynthia Lynn COFFMAN
Patricia COLUMBO
Faye Della COPELAND
Tammy L. CORBETT
Natasha Wallen CORNET
Carol CORONADO
Mary Ann COTTON
Mary Frances CREIGHTON
Anna CUNNINGHAM
Rebecca DAVID
Williamina DEAN
Daisy Louisa DE MELKER
Joanna DENNEHY
Catherine DESHAYES
Phoolan DEVI
Edlira DOBRUSHI
Nannie DOSS
Amelia Elizabeth DYER
Gilberta ESTRADA
Ellen ETHERIDGE
Susan Dianne EUBANKS
Christine FALLING
Timea FALUDI
Nancy FARRER
Júlia FAZEKAS
Constance M. FISHER
Lulonda Lynn FLETT
Kathleen Megan FOLBIGG
Priscilla Joyce FORD
Antoinette FRANK
Ethel Mae FRANKEN
Irina Viktorovna GAIDAMACHUK
Seema Mohan GAVIT
Tillie KLIMEK
Janie Lou GIBBS
Bertha GIFFORD
Kristen GILBERT
Delfina and Maria de Jesus GONZALEZ
Gesche Margarethe GOTTFRIED
Gwendolyn Gail GRAHAM
Dana Sue GRAY
Josephine Victoria GRAY
Holly Ann GRIGSBY
Caroline GRILLS
Belle Sorenson GUNNESS Anna Marie HAHN
Tiffany HALL
Amanda HAMM
Lashaun Ternice HARRIS
Tonya Lynn HAWKS
Masumi HAYASHI
Susan Diane HENDRICKS
Olga HEPNAROVA
Khoua HER
Sabine HILSCHENZ
Myra HINDLEY
Megan K. HOGG
Mary Ann HOLDER
Karla Leanne HOMOLKA
Waneta Ethel HOYT
Megan HUNTSMAN
Miyuki ISHIKAWA
Banita M. JACKS
Mary Jane JACKSON
Vickie Dawn JACKSON
Helene JEGADO
Angela Jane JOHNSON
Martha Ann JOHNSON
Genene Anne JONES
Leisa JONES
Claudette Regina KIBBLE
Kanae KIJIMA
Sante KIMES
Judy D. KIRBY
Tillie KLIMEK
Marie Delphine LaLAURIE
Marilyn LEMAK
Diana LUMBRERA
Anjette Donovan LYLES
Sarah Jane MAKIN
Yiya MURANO
Sarah MALCOLM
Christine MALEVRE
MALLIKA
Martha MAREK
Enriqueta MARTI RIPOLLES
Rhonda Bell MARTIN
Melissa MARVIN
Dorothy Jean MATAJKE
G.R. McANICH
Kimberly Lagayle McCARTHY
Eleazar Paula MENDEZ
Silvia MERAZ MORENO
Blanche Taylor MOORE
Hiroko NAGATA
Kayoko NAKAI
Martha NEEDLE
Frances Elaine NEWTON
Sandi Dawn NIEVES
Marie NOE
Marianne NOLLE
Elsie NOLLEN
Aino NYKOPP-KOSKI
Diane ODELL
Junko OGATA
Emma OLIVER
Dagmar OVERBYE
Christine Marie PAOLILLA
Louise PEETE
Madame POPOVA
Dorothea Helen PUENTE
Mahin QADIRI
Sabine RADMACHER
Florence RANSOM
Florence REY
Theresa RIGGI
Andrea ROBERTS
Guadalupe RONQUILLO-OVALLE
Robin Lee ROW
Kimberly Clark SAENZ
Darya Nikolajevna SALTYKOVA
Jennifer SAN MARCO
Felicitas SANCHEZ AGUILLON
Gail SAVAGE
Kathryn Dempsey SCHOCH
Antoinette SCIERI
Lydia SHERMAN
Renuka Kiran SHINDE
Sanna SILLANPAA
Melanie Jane SMITH
Magdalena SOLIS
Della SORENSON
Diane Louise SPENCER
Miyoko SUMIDA
Maria Catherina SWANENBURG
Mary SYEBOLDT
Jessica TATA
Bobbie Sue TERRELL
Tonya THOMAS
Coleen M. THOMPSON
Marybeth TINNING
Jane TOPPAN
Gail TRAIT
Lyda TRUEBLOOD
Debra Sue TUGGLE
Lise Jane TURNER
Sophie Charlotte Elisabeth URSINUS
Le Thanh VAN
Angelica VAZQUEZ
Maria VELTEN
Neah VERMA
Louise VERMILYEA
Waltraud WAGNER
Annie WALTERS
Natashay Yvonne WARD
Margaret WATERS
Jeanne WEBER
Rosemary Pauline WEST
Sarah Jane WHITELING
Elisabeth WIESE
Dorothy WILLIAMS
Manling Tsang WILLIAMS
Stella Elizabeth WILLIAMSON
Catherine WILSON
Mary Elizabeth WILSON
Shirley WINTERS
Martha WISE
Catherine May WOOD
Martha WOODS
Aileen Carol WUORNOS
Barbara-Anne WYRZYKOWSKI
Tooba Mohammad YAHYA
Andrea Pia YATES
Maggie YOUNG
Lin YURU
Anna Margaretha ZWANZIGER



SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE RETURN TO TOP

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM AFGHANISTAN

Robert BALES
Abul DJABAR
Reza KHAN
Abdullah SHAH


LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

John Earl BAUGHMAN

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM ARGENTINA

John Earl BAUGHMAN
Francisco Antonio LAUREANA
Carlos Eduardo ROBLEDO PUCH
Cayetano SANTOS GODINO

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM AUSTRALIA

Allan BAKER
Malcolm George BAKER
David John BIRNIE
Samuel Leonard BOYD
Gregory John BRAZEL
Martin John BRYANT
John Justin BUNTING
Eric Edgar COOKE
John Leslie COOMBES
Donato Anthony CORBO
Ashley Mervyn COULSTON
Douglas John Edwin CRABBE
Elmer Kyle CRAWFORD
Lloyd Maurice CROSBIE
Kevin CRUMP
Roger Kingsley DEAN
Frederick Bailey DEEMING
Paul Charles DENYER
Peter Norris DUPAS
Raymond EDMUNDS
Paul Anthony EVERS
Christopher Dale FLANNERY
Colin Richard FORMAN
Wade FRANKUM
Leonard John FRASER
John Wayne GLOVER
Paul Steven HAIGH
Matthew James HARRIS
Mark JEFFERIES
Edward "Ned" KELLY
Julian KNIGHT
Edward Joseph LEONSKI
Robert Paul LONG
John LYNCH
William MacDONALD
John MAKIN
Archibald Beattie McCAFFERTY
Ivan Robert Marko MILAT
James William MILLER
William Patrick MITCHELL
Alexander PEARCE
Derek Ernest PERCY
Robin REID
John ROWLES
Ronald Joseph RYAN
Joseph SCHWAB
John Myles SHARPE
Peter SHOOBRIDGE
George David SILVA
Arnold Karl SODEMAN
Mark Mala VALERA
Frank VITKOVIC
James Spyridon VLASSAKIS
Bevan Spencer VON EINEM
Robert Joe WAGNER
Carl Anthony WILLIAMS
Christopher Robin WORRELL
Huan Yun XIANG

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM AUSTRIA

Franz FUCHS
Josef GAUTSCH
Max GUFLER
Udo PROKSCH
Hugo SCHENK
Jack UNTERWEGER
Felix ZEHETNER

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM AZERBAIJAN

Farda GADIROV
Haji MAMMADOV

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM THE BAHAMAS

Cyril DARVILLE
Cordell FARRINGTON
Michiah SHOBEK

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM BANGLADESH

Munir HUSSAIN
Ershad SIKDER


LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM BELARUS

Gennady MIKHASEVICH

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM BELGIUM

Nordine AMRANI
Michel BELLEN
Marc DUTROUX
Michel FOURNIRET
Kim de GELDER
Ronald Alain JANSSEN
Remy LECRENIER
Andras PANDY
Ozan SELAMET
Michel VAN WIJNENDAELE


LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM BOLIVIA

Triston Jay AMERO

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA

Esad LANDZO


LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM BRAZIL

Andre Luis CASSIMIRO
Francisco Das CHAGAS Rodrigues B.
Marcelo COSTA DE ANDRADE
Genildo FERREIRA do Franca
Anisio FERREIRA de Sousa
Tiago Henrique GOMES DA ROCHA
Sailson Jose das GRACAS
Luiz Miguel Miltao GUERREIRO
Edson Isidoro GUIMARAES
Wellington Menezes de OLIVEIRA
Francisco de Assis PEREIRA
Duilio PESSOTO
Gustavo PISSARDO
Gerd WENZINGER
Marcelo Kenji YOSHINO


LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM CANADA

Paul Kenneth BERNARDO
Wayne Clifford BODEN
Vernon Elwood BOOHER
Marc CHAHAL
Sandy CHARLES
William Dean CHRISTENSON
John Etter CLARK
Camille CLEROUX
Robert Raymond COOK
Scott William COX
John Martin CRAWFORD
Sukhwinder Singh DHILLON
Leopold DION
Valery I. FABRIKANT
William Patrick FYFE
Kimveer GILL
David John GORTON
Matthew de GROOD
Joseph Albert GUAY
Victor Ernest HOFFMAN
Russell Maurice JOHNSON
Gilbert Paul JORDAN
Pierre LEBRUN
Cody Alan LEGEBOKOFF
Allan Joseph LEGERE
Marc LEPINE
Vince Weiguang LI
Christian Herbert MAGEE
Luka Rocco MAGNOTTA
Michael Wayne McGRAY
Herman Webster MUDGETT
Dale Merle NELSON
Earle Leonard NELSON
Clifford Robert OLSON
Robert William PICKTON
Swift RUNNER
David William SHEARING
Charles T. SINCLAIR
Michael Peter SLOBODIAN
Jeremy Allan STEINKE
Roch THERIAULT
Mark Andrew TWITCHELL
Roger WARREN

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM CHILE

Julio PEREZ SILVA

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM CHINA

Bai BAOSHAN
Hu DAOPING
Chen FUZHAO
Duan GUOCHENG
Feng GUOHUI
Gao HAIPING
Fu HEGONG
Liu HONGWEN
Huang HU
Wu HUANMING
Ma JIAJUE
Fang JIANTANG
Yang JIAQIN
Liang JIQIAN
Chan KA-CHUN
Zhao LIANRONG
Zhang LISONG
Tian MINGJIAN
Liu MINGWU
Yang MINGXIN
Zheng MINSHENG
Bai NINGYANG
Chen PEIQUAN
Zhang PILIN
Li PINGPING
Jin RUCHAO
Hua RUIZHUO
Gong RUNBO
Changyin & Changping SHEN
Chen SHUIZONG
Wang SHUJIN
Zhou WEN
Li WENXIAN
Huang WENYI
Dong WENYU
Jin XIANGWU
Qiu XINGHUA
Yang XINHAI
Wang XIWEN
Jian XUELIANG
Wu YANDONG
Yan YANMING
Kuang YINGXUE
Huang YONG
Ma YONG
Chen YONGFENG
Zhang YONGMING
Zhou YOUPING
Shi YUEJUN
Zhang YUNLIANG
Liu ZHANJIN
Cheng ZHENGPING
Xiong ZHENLIN
Yang ZHIYA
Guo ZHONGMIN

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM COLOMBIA

Daniel CAMARGO BARBOSA
Campo Elias DELGADO MORALES
Luis Alfredo GARAVITO
Pedro Alonso LOPEZ
Juan de Jesus Lozano VELASQUEZ

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM CONGO

William UNEK


LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM CROATIA

Vinko PALIC
Vinko PINTARIK

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM CZECH REPUBLIC

Martin LECIAN
Vaclav MRAZEK
Hubert PILCIK
Jozef SLOVAK
Jack UNTERWEGER
Petr ZELENKA


LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM ECUADOR

Daniel CAMARGO BARBOSA
Gilberto Antonio CHAMBA
Luis Alfredo GARAVITO
Pedro Alonso LOPEZ

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM EGYPT

Saber & Mahmoud ABU-EL-ULLA
Suleiman KHATER
Ramadan Abdel Rehim MANSOUR


LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM ESTONIA

Aleksandr RUBEL

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM FINLAND

Pekka-Eric AUVINEN
Jarno Sebastian ELG
Petri Erkki Tapio GERDT
Matti Juhani SAARI
Ibrahim SHKUPOLLI
Antti Olavi TASKINEN

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM FRANCE

Patrice ALEGRE
Jean-Pierre ALLAIN
Marcel Henri BARBEAULT
Eric BOREL
Pierre CHANAL
Nicolas CLAUX
Manuel DELGADO VILLEGAS
Hamida DJANDOUBI
Christian DORNIER
Martin DUMOLLARD
Richard DURN
Volker ECKERT
Gunter Hermann EWEN
Serge FORTIN
Michel FOURNIRET
Guy GEORGES
Roger GIRERD
Francis HEAULME
David HOTYAT
Henry Desire LANDRU
Claude LASTENNET
Lucien LEGER
Emile LOUIS
Guy MARTEL
Mohammed MERAH
Thierry PAULIN
Michel PEIRY
Bernard PESQUET
Dr. Marcel PETIOT
Joseph PHILIPPE
Sid Ahmed REZALA
Jean-Claude ROMAND
Jean-Pierre ROUX-DURRAFOURT
Issei SAGAWA
Georges-Alexandre SARRET
Albert SOLEILLAND
Roberto SUCCO
Jean-Baptiste TROPPMANN
Jules-Alexandre UGHETTO
Joseph VACHER
Denis WAXIN
Eugen WEIDMANN

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM GEORGIA

Artur VAGANOV

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM GERMANY

Fritz Heinrich ANGERSTEIN
Jurgen BARTSCH
Ernst-Dieter BECK
Eugen BERWALD
Andreas BICHEL
Werner BOOST
Karel CHARVA
Olaf DATER
Karl DENKE
Volker ECKERT
Peter GOEBBELS
Klaus GOSSMAN
Georg Karl GROSSMANN
Friedrich HAARMANN
Kuno HOFMANN
Fritz HONKA
Alexander KEITH Jr.
Gundolf KOHLER
Tim KRETSCHMER
Joachim Georg KROLL
Peter KURTEN
Stephan LETTER
Bruno LUDKE
David Edward MAUST
Alwin NEUMANN
Rudolf PLEIL
Norbert Hans POEHLKE
Heinrich POMMERENCKE
Thomas RATH
Thomas RUNG
Wolfgang SCHMIDT
SCHULTZ
Friedrich SCHUMANN
Adolf Gustav SEEFELD
Mark Alan SMITH
Helmut WEIDENBROEKER
Gerd WENZINGER
Manfred WITTMAN
Michael WOLTER

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM GHANA

Charles Ebo QUANSAH

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM GREECE

Antonis DAGLIS
Peter KULAXIDES
Kyriakos PAPAXRONIS
Theofilos SECHIDIS
Dimitris VAKRINOS

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM GUATEMALA

Jose Maria Miculax BUX
Manuel MARTINEZ CORONADO

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM GUYANA

Oral HENDRICKS
James Warren JONES

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM HONG KONG

Lee Chi HANG
Lam KOR-WAN
Lam KWOK-WAI

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM HUNGARY

Bela KISS
Sylvestre MATUSCHKA
Ramil SAFAROV

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM INDIA

Shantaram Kanhoji JAGTAP
M JAISHANKAR
Rajendra JAKKAL
K P JAYANANDAN
Chandrakant JHA
Surender KOLI
Mohan KUMAR
R. KUPPUSAMY
Mahanand NAIK
Motta NAVAS
Moninder Singh PANDHER
Raman RAGHAV
Dilip RATHIA
Mahavir RAZAK
Umesh REDDY
Sadashiv SAHU
Munawar Harun SHAH
Auto SHANKAR
Kampatimar SHANKARIYA
Devendra SHARMA
Darbara SINGH
Major SINGH
Charles SOBHRAJ
Dilip Dhyanoba SUTAR
Ravindra Kumar VERMA

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM INDONESIA

BAEKUNI
Verry Idham HENYANSYAH
Ahmad SURADJI

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM IRAN

Mohammed BIJEH
Ali Asghar BORUJERDI
Saeed HANAEI
Ali Reza Khoshruy Kuran KORDIYEH
Yaghoub Ali MIRSHEKARI

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM IRAQ

Ali Asghar BORUJERDI

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM IRELAND

Henry McCABE

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM ISRAEL

Nicolai BONNER
Mohammed HALABI
Ami POPPER
Asher WEISGAN

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM ITALY

Marco BERGAMO
Donato BILANCIA
Manuel DELGADO VILLEGAS
Bartolomeo GAGLIANO
Maurizio GIUGLIANO
Antonio MANTOVANI
Andrea MATTEUCCI
Maurizio MINGHELLA
Nicola SAPONE
Cesare SERVIATTI
Roberto SUCCO
Vincenzo VERZENI
Andrea VOLPE

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM JAMAICA

Lewis HUTCHINSON

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM JAPAN

Sataro FUKIAGE
Hiroaki HIDAKA
Yasutoshi KAMATA
Kiyotaka KATSUTA
Yoshio KODAIRA
Genzo KURITA
Hiroshi MAEUE
Futoshi MATSUNAGA
Tsutomu MIYAZAKI
Kiyoshi OKUBO
Robert Dale SEGEE
Furuya SOKICHI

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM JORDAN

Ahmad Musa DAKAMSEH
Saeed QASHASH

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM KAZAKHSTAN

Vladislav CHELAKH
Nikolai DZHUMAGALIEV
Oleg MURAYENKO
Abduseit ORMANOV

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM KENYA

Francis NG'ANG'A

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM KOSOVO

Frank J. RONGHI

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM KUWAIT

Hasan AKBAR

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM LATVIA

Yuri CHUBAROV
Alexander KORYAKOV
Kaspars PETROVS

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM LESOTHO

Makhele SCOTT

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM LITHUANIA

Leonardas ZAVISTONOVICIUS

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM MACEDONIA

Vlado TANESKI

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM MALAWI

Nasser KARA

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM MALAYSIA

Mat Taram bin SA'AL
Charles SOBHRAJ

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM MALTA

Silvio MANGION

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM MEXICO

Jose Luis CALVA ZEPEDA
Ricardo Silvio CAPUTO
Adolfo de Jesus CONSTANZO
Gabriel Arturo GARZA HOTH
Cesar Armando LIBRADO LEGORRETA


LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM MOROCCO

Abdelali AMER
Abdelaali HADI
Hadj Mohammed MESFEWI
Hicham RAOUI

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM NAMIBIA

Sylvester & Gavin BEUKES

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM NEPAL

Charles SOBHRAJ
Basudev THAPA

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM NETHERLANDS

Jacobus Dirk (Koos) HERTOGS
Ondrej RIGO
John SWEENEY
Willem VAN EIJK
Hans VAN ZON

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM NEW ZEALAND

Wiremu Kingi MAKETU
Raymond Wahia RATIMA
Arthur ROTTMAN
James STACK

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM NIGERIA

Kazeem ADEYEMO

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM NORWAY

Anders Behring BREIVIK
Arnfinn NESSET
Thomas QUICK

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM PAKISTAN

Arif and Farman ALI
Javed IQBAL
Amir QAYYUM
Abdul RAZZAQ
Muhammad YOUSAF

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM PALESTINE

Baruch Kappel GOLDSTEIN

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM PERU

Pedro Alonso LOPEZ
Pedro Pablo NAKADA LUDENA


LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM POLAND

Joachim KNYCHALA
Julian KOLTUN
Karol KOT
Zdzislaw MARCHWICKI
Wladyslaw MAZURKIEWICZ
Stanislaw MODZELEWSKI
Andrzej NOWOCIEN


LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM PORTUGAL

Antonio Luis COSTA

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM ROMANIA

Ion RIMARU
TCAIUC
Romulus VERES

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM RUSSIA

Artem ANOUFRIEV
Valery ASRATYAN
Anatoly BIRYUKOV
Ahmed BRAGIMOV
Vladimir BRATISLAV
Roman BURTSEV
Alexander BYCHKOV
Andrei Romanovich CHIKATILO
Sergei Aleksandrovich GOLOVKIN
Alexander GREB
Vasili KOMAROFF
Alexander KOMIN
Valery KOPYLOV
Vasiliy KULIK
Ilshyat KUZIKOV
Alexander KUZMINYKH
Sergey MARTYNOV
Andrei MASLICH
Vladimir MIRGOROD
Vladimir MUKHANKIN
Oleg NAUMOV
Dr. Maxim Vladimirovich PETROV
Alexander Yuryevich PICHUSHKIN
Mikhail Viktorovich POPKOV
Vladmir ROMANOV
Sergei RYAKHOVSKY
Artur RYNO
Anatoly Yelemianovich SLIVKO
Alexander SPESIVTSEV
Nicholas TRAPISHKIN
Dmitry VORONENKO
Vadim YERSHOV

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM SAUDI ARABIA

Faisal bin MUSAID

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM SERBIA

Ljubisa BOGDANOVIC
Silvo PLUT
Nikola RADOSAVLJEVIC


LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM SLOVAKIA

Matej CURKO
Ondrej RIGO
Jozef SLOVAK

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM SLOVENIA

Silvo PLUT
Metod TROBEC

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM SOUTH AFRICA

Pierre Corneille Faculys BASSON
Dr. Wouter BASSON
Elias CHAUKE
Johannes Christiaan DE JAGER
Sipho DUBE
Sibusiso DUMA
Casper KRUGER
Gamal Salie LINEVELDT
Maoupa Cedrid MAAKE
Bulelani MABHAYI
Fanuel MAKAMU
Jimmy MAKETTA
Johannes MASHIANE
Lazarus Tshidiso MAZINGANE
Samuel Bongani MFEKA
Mbulaheni David MMBENGWA
Madumetsa Jack MOGALE
Zola Jackson MQOMBOYI
Elifasi MSOMI
Mtimane MSUNDWANA
Themba MTHOMBENI
Mukosi Freddy MULAUDZI
Nicholas Lungisa NCAMA
Velaphi NDLANGAMANDLA
David RANDITSHENI
Norman Afzal SIMONS
Moses SITHOLE
Barend Hendrik STRYDOM
Themba Anton SUKUDE
Thozamile TAKI
Sipho Agmatir THWALA
Gert VAN ROOYEN
Louis VAN SCHOOR
Stewart WILKEN
Elias XITAVHUDZI
Christopher M. ZIKODE

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM SOUTH KOREA

KANG Ho-sun
Jeong NAM-KYU
Yoo YOUNG-CHUL

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM SPAIN

Manuel BLANCO ROMASANTA
Gilberto Antonio CHAMBA
Manuel DELGADO VILLEGAS
Volker ECKERT
Raymond Martinez FERNANDEZ
Francisco GARCIA ESCALERO
Jose Antonio RODRIGUEZ VEGA
Joan VILA DILME

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM SUDAN

Abbas Baqir ABBAS

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM SWAZILAND

David Thabo SIMELANE

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM SWEDEN

John Ingvar LOVGREN
Jon Andreas NODTVEIDT
Thomas QUICK

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM SWITZERLAND

Roger ANDERMATT
Michel PEIRY
Hermann SCHWARZ

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM SYRIA

Ali MARJEK

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM TAIWAN

Cheng CHIEH

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM THAILAND

Somkhid PHUMPHUANG
John Martin SCRIPPS
Charles SOBHRAJ

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM TURKEY

Adnan COLAK
Ogdur DENGIZ
Ali KAYA
Yavuz YAPICIOGLU

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM UGANDA

Joseph KIBWETEERE

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM UKRAINE

Vladimir KONDRATENKO
Anatoly ONOPRIENKO
Viktor SAYENKO
Igor SUPRUNYUCK
Serhiy TKACH
Vladislav VOLKOVICH

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

Junaid Nawaz Lal NAWAZ

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM UNITED KINGDOM

Dr. John Bodkin ADAMS
Stephen AKINMURELE
Robert BLACK
Ian BRADY
William BURKE
George CHAPMAN
John CHILDS
John Reginald CHRISTIE
Thomas Neill CREAM
Kenneth ERSKINE
Roy FONTAINE
Daniel GONZALEZ
Steven John GRIEVESON
Stephen Shaun GRIFFITHS
Allan GRIMSON
John George HAIGH
Archibald Thompson HALL
Anthony John HARDY
Trevor Joseph HARDY
William HARE
Neville George Clevely HEATH
Mark HOBSON
Colin IRELAND
Ian KAY
Kieron KELLY
Bruce George Peter LEE
Wendell Willis LIGHTBOURNE
Robin Stanislaw LIGUS
Michael LUPO
Patrick David MacKAY
Peter Thomas Anthony MANUEL
Robert John MAUDSLEY
Peter MOORE
Raymond Leslie MORRIS
David MULCAHY
Donald NEILSON
Dennis Andrew NILSEN
Colin Campbell NORRIS
Dr. William PALMER
Michael Robert RYAN
Dr. Harold Frederick SHIPMAN
Angus Robertson SINCLAIR
George Joseph SMITH
John Thomas STRAFFEN
Peter William SUTCLIFFE
Peter Britton TOBIN
Frederick Walter Stephen WEST
Steven Gerald James WRIGHT
Graham Frederick YOUNG


LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM UZBEKISTAN

Abduseit ORMANOV

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM VENEZUELA

Dorancel VARGAS GOMEZ

LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM VIETNAM

Duong VAN MOM


LIST OF MALE MURDERERS FROM ZIMBABWE

Dr. Richard Gladwell McGOWN

SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE RETURN TO TOP

MASS MURDERERS AND SPREE KILLERS FROM AROUND THE WORLD

Ricky ABEYTA
Saber & Mahmoud Farahat ABU EL-ULLA
Gameel AL-BATOUTI
Aaron ALEXIS
Jean-Pierre ALLAIN
Juan Manuel ALVAREZ
Nordine AMRANI
Stephen Lawrence ANDERSON
Fritz Heinrich ANGERSTEIN
Abbas Baqir ABBAS
Mauro ANTONELLO
Siavosh Rahmani AQDAM
Shoko ASAHARA
Larry Gene ASHBROOK
Pekka-Eric AUVINEN
Jorjik AVANESIAN
Ronald Baquiran BAE
Robert BALES
Asanda BANINZI
George Emil BANKS
Mark Orrin BARTON
Clarence V. BERTUCCI
Sylvester & Gavin BEUKES
Ljubisa BOGDANOVIC
William Ray BONNER
Eric BOREL
Ahmed BRAGIMOV
Anders Behring BREIVIK
Carl Robert BROWN
Martin John BRYANT
Woo BUM-KON
David Augustus BURKE
Julian CARLTON
Dragan CEDIC
Marc CHAHAL
Robert CHARLES
Vladislav CHELAKH
Seung-Hui CHO
Yuri CHUBAROV
John Etter CLARK
Abel CLEMMONS
Darnell COLLINS
Melvin COLLINS
Marciano CONTATOE
Kim DAE-HAN
Ahmad Musa DAKAMSEH
Mesac DAMAS
Rodrick Shonte DANTZLER
Roger Kingsley DEAN
Campo Elias DELGADO MORALES
DIPENDRA Bir Bikram Shah
Christian DORNIER
Jessie DOTSON
Thomas G. DOTY
Richard DURN

MORE COMING SOON


SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE RETURN TO TOP

MOBSTERS, HITMEN AND MORE

ORGANIZED CRIME
ABE RELES
AL CAPONE
ALBERT TANNENBAUM
ALEXANDER SOLONIK
ANTHONY SENTER
ANTHONY SPILOTRO
ANGELO LA BARBERA
BERNARDO PROVENZANO
CALOGERO VIZZINI
CHARLES HARRELSON
CHARLES NICOLETTI
CHRIS ROSENBERG
CORNELIUS HUGHES
GAETANO BADALAMENTI
GIUSEPPE GENCO RUSSO
GLENNON ENGLEMAN
HARRY MAIONE
FRANK ABBANDANDO
FRANK ABBANDANDO JR
FRANK NITTI
FRANK SHEERAN
FELIX ALDERISIO
HARRY STRAUSS
JACK MCGURN
JAMES BURKE
JOHN GOTTI
JOSEPH TESTA
LEOLUCA BAGARELLA
LOUIS CAPONE
LUCKY LUCIANO
MATTEO MESSINA DENARO
MICHELE GRECO
MICHELE NAVARRA
RICHARD KUKLINSKI
ROY DEMEO
SALVATORE GRECO
SALVATORE LO PICCOLO
SALVATORE INZERILLO
SALVATORE RIINA
SAMMY GRAVANO
STEFANO BONTADE
STEFANO MAGADDINO
SEYMOUR MAGOON
THOMAS DESIMONE
TOMMASO BUSCETTA
VERNON C. MILLER
VITO CASCIO FERRO


SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE RETURN TO TOP

KILLERS FROM MOVIES, BOOKS, GAMES, COMICS AND MORE

MOVIES AND MURDER
ANGELA
ANGELA BAKER
ALEX DELARGE
ANNIE WILKES
BABY "ANGEL" FIREFLY
BABY JANE HUDSON
BARABAS THE JEW
BEN WILLIS (THE FISHERMAN)
BILLY CHAPMAN
BROTHER PAPA
BUFFALO BILL
CAPTAIN SPAULDING
CANDYMAN
THE CENOBITES
CHOP TOP (ROBERT SAWYER)
CHUCKY (CHARLES LEE RAY)
CLETUS KASADY
CORINTHIAN
DEXTER MORGAN
DOCTOR EVAN RENDELL
DOCTOR MABUSE
DOCTOR SATAN
DR. ALAN FEINSTONE
DR. PHILIP CHANNARD
DRAYTON SAWYER
EDGLER VESS
EDWARD LIONHEART
EDWARD SAWYER
FARMER VINCENT SMITH
FRANCIS DOLARHYDE
FRANK BOOTH
FREDDY KRUEGER
GEORGE HARVEY
GEORGES QUERELLE
GRANDPA HUGO
DR HANNIBAL LECTER
GHOSTFACE KILLER
HERBERT WEST
HORACE PINKER
JASON VOORHEES
JIGSAW KILLER
JOHN DOE
JOHN RYDER
JUPITERS CLAN
LAWRENCE WARGRAVE
LEATHERFACE
LORD VOLDEMORT
LUDA MAY HEWITT
MAX CADY
MICHAEL MYERS
MICKEY & MALLORY KNOX
NORMAN BATES
OH DAE-SU
OLD MONTY
OTIS DRIFTWOOD
PATRICK BATEMAN
PINHEAD
RANDALL FLAGG
REVEREND HARRY POWELL
RHODA PENMARK
SERGE A. STORMS
SHERIFF HOYT
SWEENEY TODD
TED ALLISON
THE TALL MAN
TOM RIPLEY
WHITEFACE


SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE RETURN TO TOP

THE MANY TYPES OF MURDER

ASSASSINATION
CHILD MURDER
CONSENSUAL HOMICIDE
CONTRACT KILLING
DEMOCIDE
FELONY MURDER
FETICIDE
FILICIDE
FRATRICIDE
GENDERCIDE
GENOCIDE
HOMICIDE
HONOR KILLING
HUMAN SACRIFICE
INFANTICIDE
JUSTIFIABLE HOMICIDE
LUST MURDER
LYNCHING
MANSLAUGHTER
MARITICIDE
MASS MURDER
MATRICIDE
MURDER-SUICIDE
NEGLIGENT HOMICIDE
PARRICIDE
PATRICIDE
PROLICIDE
PROXY MURDER
REGICIDE
RITUAL MURDER
SERIAL KILLER
SORORICIDE
SPREE KILLER
SUICIDE
TYRANNICIDE
UXORICIDE
VEHICULAR HOMICIDE


SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE RETURN TO TOP

UNNATURAL LOVE AND IT'S CONNECTIONS TO SERIAL KILLING

OVERVIEW OF PARAPHILIA
OVERVIEW OF FETISHISM
ABASIOPHILIA
ACOUSTICOPHILIA
ACROTOMOPHILIA
ALGOLAGNIA
APOTEMNOPHILIA
AMAUROPHILIA
ANACLITISM
ANDROMIMETOPHILIA
AQUAPHILIA
ARETIFISM
ASPHYXIOPHILIA
AUTOGYNEPHILIA
BIASTOPHILIA
COPROPHILIA
CHRONOPHILIA
CRUSH FETISH
DACRYPHILIA
EMETOPHILIA
EPHEBOPHILIA
EXHIBITIONISM
FOOD PLAY
FORNIPHILIA
FROTTEURISM
GALACTOPHILIA
GYNOPHAGIA
HEMATOLAGNIA
HOMEOVESTISM
HYBRISTOPHILIA
INCEST
INFANTILISM
KATOPTRONOPHILIA
KLEPTOMANIA
KLISMAPHILIA
LUST MURDER
MACROPHILIA
MAIESIOPHILIA
PODOPHILIA
SADISM & MASOCHISM
MICROPHILIA
MYSOPHILIA
NARRATOPHILIA
NASOPHILIA
NECROPHILIA
NEPIOPHILIA
PYROPHILIA
RETIFISM
SALIROMANIA
SCHEDIAPHILIA
SITOPHILIA
SOMNOPHILIA
STATUEPHILIA
TERATOPHILIA
TRANSVESTISM
TROILISM
UROLAGNIA
VINCILAGNIA
VORAREPHILIA
VOYEURISM
ZOOPHILIA


SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE RETURN TO TOP

FROM THE MOUTH OF KILLERS

ARTHUR SHAWCROSS INTERVIEW
BTK KILLER INTERVIEW
CHARLES MANSON INTERVIEW
ELMER HENLEY INTERVIEW
JAMES MUNRO INTERVIEW
JEFFREY DAHMER INTERVIEW
JOHN ROBINSON INTERVIEW
KEITH JESPERSON INTERVIEW
RICHARD RAMIREZ INTERVIEW
TED BUNDY INTERVIEW
WAYNE LO INTERVIEW
SWAP LINKS WITH US


SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE RETURN TO TOP

AN EVER GROWING COLLECTION OF HORROR MOVIE REVIEWS

ABANDONED, THE
AB-NORMAL BEAUTY
ABOMINABLE
ALBERT FISH
ALONE IN THE DARK
ALONE WITH HER
ALTERED
AMATEUR PORN STAR KILLER
AMAZON JAIL
AN AMERICAN HAUNTING
AND NOW THE SCREAMING STARTS
ANDRE THE BUTCHER
APRIL FOOL'S DAY
ARANG
ASYLUM
AUDREY ROSE
AUNT ROSE
AUTOMATONS
AUTOPSY
AWAKEN THE DEAD
BABY BLOOD
BAD REPUTATION
BAD TASTE
BAISE MOI
BANGKOK HAUNTED
BARE BEHIND BARS
BARRICADE
BASKET CASE
BATTLE IN HEAVEN
BENEATH STILL WATERS
BEYOND THE WALL OF SLEEP
BIG BAD WOLF
BLACK DAHLIA
BTK KILLER
BUTCHER OF PLAINFIELD
CABIN FEVER
CACHE
CAMP BLOOD
CAMP BLOOD 2
CAMP SLAUGHTER
CANDY STRIPERS
CANNIBAL (2005)
CANNIBAL (2006)
CANNIBAL CAMPOUT
CANNIBAL HOLOCAUST
CARD PLAYER, THE
CAVED IN
CAVE, THE
CAVERN, THE
CELLO
CEMETERY GATES
CEMETERY MAN
CENTIPEDE
CERBERUS
CHAINSAW SALLY
CHAOS
CHEERLEADER MASSACRE
CHICAGO MASSACRE
CHILDREN OF THE CORN
CHOKE, THE
CHURCH, THE
CINDERELLA
CITY OF ROTT
CITY OF THE LIVING DEAD
COME GET SOME
CONTAINMENT
CONTAMINATION
CONVENT, THE
COOKERS
CORPSES
COVENANT, THE
CREEP
CREEPSHOW
CREEPSHOW 2
CREEPSHOW 3
CULT
CUP OF MY BLOOD
CURIOUS DR. HUMP, THE
CURSE OF LIZZIE BORDEN
CURSE OF THE DEVIL
CUT
CUT AND RUN
DANIKA
DARK CORNERS
DARK FIELDS
DARK HOURS, THE
DAUGHTERS OF DARKNESS
DAWN
DEAD & BREAKFAST
DEAD & DEADER
DEAD CALLING, A
DEAD LEAVES
DEAD LIFE
DEAD LINE
DEAD MARY
DEAD MEN WALKING
DEAD & ROTTING
DEAD SHIT
DEAD SILENCE
DEATH BED
DEATH BY ENGAGEMENT
DEATH CLIQUE
DEATH KNOWS YOUR NAME
DEATH TUNNEL
DEATH VALLEY
DEATH WALKS AT MIDNIGHT
DEATH WALKS ON HIGH HEALS
DECOYS: THE SECOND SEDUCTION
DEFENCELESS: A BLOOD SYMPHONY
THE DELIBERATE STRANGER
DEMON HUNTER
DEMONIC
DEMONS
DEMONS 2
DESCENT, THE
DESPERATE SOULS
DESPERATION, STEPHEN KING'S
DEVIL'S DEN
DEVIL'S RAIN, THE
DEVIL'S REJECTS, THE
DEVIL TIMES FIVE
DEXTER 6 "RETURN TO SENDER"
DEXTER 7 "CIRCLE OF FRIENDS"
DEXTER 8 "SHRINK WRAP"
DEXTER 9 "FATHER KNOWS BEST"
DEXTER 10 "SEEING RED"
DEXTER 11 "TRUTH BE TOLD"
DEXTER 12 "BORN FREE"
DIARY OF A CANNIBAL
DIE YOU ZOMBIE BASTARDS!
DISTURBANCE
DJANGO
DOG SOLDIERS
DON'T ANSWER THE PHONE
DON'T DELIVER US FROM EVIL
DON'T GO IN THE HOUSE
DON'T TORTURE A DUCKLING
DOOM
DOOMED
DOPPELGANGER
DORM
DORM OF THE DEAD
DO YOU LIKE HITCHCOCK?
DRACULA
DRACULA, HOUSE OF
DRACULA, SPANISH
DRACULA'S CURSE
DRACULA'S DAUGHTER
DREAM REAPER
DROP, THE
DUMBLAND
DUST DEVIL
EATING RAZORS
EDMOND
EMANUELLE AROUND THE WORLD
EMANUELLE IN AMERICA
EMANUELLE IN BANGKOK
ENTRAILS OF A BEAUTIFUL WOMAN
ENTRAILS OF A VIRGIN
EVIL (TO KAKO)
EVIL ALIENS
EVIL BEHIND YOU
EVIL BONG
EVIL BREED
EVIL DEAD TRAP 2
EVIL ED
EVILENKO
EVILSPEAK
EYE, THE
EYES OF CRYSTAL
FACES OF GORE
FAMILY PORTRAIT
FANTOM KILER
FAUSTO 5.0
FEAR OF CLOWNS
FEAST
FEED
FEMALE CONVICT SCORPION
FIFTH CORD, THE
FINAL DESTINATION 3
FIRST BORN
5 DEAD ON THE CRIMSON CANVAS
5IVE GIRLS
FLESH EATERS, THE
FLOWER AND SNAKE
FLOWER AND SNAKE 2
FOG, THE (1980)
FOG, THE (2005)
FORBIDDEN PHOTOS OF A LADY ABOVE SUSPICION
FORCED ENTRY
FOREST OF DEATH
FRAILTY
FRANKENHOOKER
FRANKENSTEIN
FRANKENSTEIN CONQUERS THE WORLD
FREAKMAKER, THE
FREAK OUT
FREAKSHOW
FRENCH SEX MURDERS
FRIDAY THE 13TH
FRIDAY THE 13TH II
FRIDAY THE 13TH III
FRIDAY THE 13TH VI
FRIDAY THE 13TH VII
FRIDAY THE 13TH VIII
FRIGHTMARE
FRIGHT NIGHT
FROM DUSK TILL DAWN
FROM DUSK TILL DAWN 2
FROM DUSK TILL DAWN 3
FROSTBITE
FUNHOUSE, THE
FUNNY GAMES
FUTURE-KILL
GAME BOX 1.0
GANGS OF THE DEAD
GARDEN, THE
GATHERING, THE
GEMINI
GHOST GAME
GHOST LAKE
GHOST OF MAE NAK
GHOST, THE (RYEONG)
GHOUL SCHOOL
GINGER SNAPS
GIRL BOSS GUERILLA
GIRL SLAVES OF MORGANA LE FAY
GOING TO PIECES
GOLDEN AGE
GONE THE WAY OF FLESH
GORE GORE GIRLS, THE
GRAVEDANCERS, THE (2007)
GRAVEYARD ALIVE
GRAVEYARD, THE
GREEN RIVER KILLER
GRINDHOUSE - DEATH PROOF
GRINDHOUSE - PLANET TERROR
GRUB GIRL
GRUDGE, THE
GRUDGE 2, THE
H6: DIARY OF A SERIAL KILLER
HALFWAY HOUSE, THE
HALLOWED
HALLOWEEN NIGHT
HAMILTONS, THE
HANNIBAL RISING
HARD CANDY
HARSH TIMES
HAUNTED FOREST
HAUNTED HIGHWAY
HAUNTED PRISON
HAVOC
THE HAZING
HEADER
HEADHUNTER
HEAD OF THE FAMILY
HEADSPACE
HEAD TRAUMA
HEARTSTOPPER
HELLBENT
HELLFIRE CLUB
HELLRAISER
HELLBOUND: HELLRAISER 2
HELLRAISER 3: HELL ON EARTH
HELLRAISER - DEADER
HELTER SKELTER
HENRY
HIGH TENSION
HILLS HAVE EYES, THE (2006)
HILLS HAVE EYES 2, THE (1985)
HILLS HAVE EYES 2, THE (2007)
HILLSIDE CANNIBALS
HITCHER, THE (1986)
HITCHHIKER, THE
HORROR BUSINESS
HORRORS OF MALFORMED MEN
HORRORS OF WAR
HOSTEL
HOSTEL 2
HOST, THE
HOT FUZZ
HOT WAX: ZOMBIES ON WHEELS
HOUSE OF 9
HOUSE OF BLOOD
HUMAN NO MORE
HUNDRA
HUNT, THE
IDLE HANDS
I DRINK YOUR BLOOD
I'LL BURY YOU TOMORROW
ILSA - SHE WOLF OF THE SS
ILSA - HAREM KEEPER OF THE OIL SHEIKS
ILSA - THE WICKED WARDEN
IN A DARK PLACE
INCUBUS
INFECTION
INNOCENTS, THE
INSECTICIDAL
INSIDE IRVIN
IN THE MOUTH OF MADNESS
INVASION OF THE POD PEOPLE
IRIS EFFECT, THE
IRREVERSIBLE
ISOLATION
I SPIT ON YOUR GRAVE
I STAND ALONE
IT WAITS
IVORY, THE
JACK FROST
JACK FROST 2
JESUS CHRIST VAMPIRE HUNTER
JOSHUA
JUNGLE HOLOCAUST
KARLA
KATIEBIRD: CERTIFIABLE CRAZY PERSON
KAW
KEEPER, THE
KEKKO KAMEN NEW
KIDNAPPED (RABID DOGS)
KILL, BABY...KILL
KILLER KLOWNS FROM OUTER SPACE
KILLER MUST KILL AGAIN, THE
KITTEN KRIME DOUBLE FEATURE
KNIGHT OF THE PEEPER
KOLOBOS
KOVAK BOX, THE
KRAKEN - TENTACLES OF THE DEEP
KWAIDAN
LADY IN THE WATER
LADY SNOWBLOOD: LOVE SON OF VENGEANCE
LADY VENGEANCE
LAST BROADCAST, THE
LAST ROUND, THE
LAST SUPPER, THE
LAURE
LEGEND OF BLOODY JACK, THE
LEGEND OF LUCY KEYES, THE
LEGEND OF THE 7 GOLDEN VAMPIRES
LET ME DIE A WOMAN
LITTLE ERIN MERRYWEATHER
LIVE FEED
LIVE FREAKY DIE FREAKY
LIVING COFFIN, THE
LIVING DOLL
LIVING HELL
LONELY ONES, THE
LONE WOLF AND CUB
LOST, THE
LUCKY
LUTHER THE GEEK
MACUMBA SEXUAL
MAD COWGIRL
MAGDALENA'S BRAIN
MAGIC
MAID, THE
MAID OF HONOR
MAIL ORDER BRIDE
MALPERTUIS
MAN CALLED MAGNUM, A
MANIACTS
MANSION OF THE LIVING DEAD
MAN WITH THE SCREAMING BRAIN
MARAUDERS
MARCUS
MAREBITO
MARK OF THE DEVIL
MARSH, THE
MATAVIEJITAS, LA
MAY
MEATBALL MACHINE
MEN BEHIND THE SUN
MESSENGERS, THE
MEXICAN WEREWOLF IN TEXAS, A
MIKADROID: ROBOKILL BENEATH DISCO CLUB LAYLA
MINOTAUR
MOH - CHOCOLATE
MOH - CIGARETTE BURNS
MOH - DEER WOMAN
MOH - DREAMS IN THE WITCH HOUSE
MOH - FAIR HAIRED CHILD
MOH - HAECKEL'S TALE
MOH - HOMECOMING
MOH - IMPRINT
MOH - INCIDENT ON AND OFF A MOUNTAIN ROAD
MOH - JENIFER
MOH - PICK ME UP
MOH - SICK GIRL
MOH 2 - THE DAMNED THING
MOH 2 - FAMILY
MOH 2 - PELTS
MOH 2 - PRO-LIFE
MOH 2 - RIGHT TO DIE
MOH 2 - THE SCREWFLY SOLUTION
MOH 2 - THE WASHINGTONIANS
MOH 2 - WE ALL SCREAM FOR ICE CREAM
TO CATCH A KILLER
THE ZODIAC
THE ZODIAC KILLER


SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE RETURN TO TOP

A GRAB BAG OF INTERESTING INFO ON SERIAL KILLERS

SERIAL KILLERS LAST MEALS
A SIGNATURE SERIAL KILLER IN THE MAKING
AILEEN WUORNOS TRIVIA
CANNIBAL COOKBOOK
DEFINING SERIAL MURDER
ARTICLE "THE ICEMAN" RICHARD LEONARD KUKLINSKI
ARTICLE ON JOHN HAIGH JR
KENNETH BIANCHI MEDICAL REPORT
KILLER'S LAST MEALS
KILLERS WHO SURRENDER
PLEADING INSANITY
PSYCHOLOGY & DEVELOPMENT
POEMS ABOUT KILLERS
PREDESTINED KILLERS
PROFILING A KILLER
MOVIES AND MURDER
TYPES OF CRIME SCENES
TYPOLOGIES OF MURDER
SERIAL KILLER QUOTES
SERIAL KILLER POETRY
TED BUNDY TRIVIA
WHAT MAKES A KILLER?
WRITINGS OF MICHAEL ROSS
WRITINGS OF PATRICK KEARNEY
SWAP LINKS WITH US


CONTACT JAMES GILKS



SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE RETURN TO TOP

TEXT LINK ADS : If you would like to add your text based ad to the site (and greatly improve your site's search engine optimization) contact us HERE.

Bizarrepedia.com
Historical Crime Detective
True Crime Historian
Mafia Mob
Carl Alves
Gangsters Inc
Wild Blue Press
Murderseriatim
True Crime Diva
Attack From Planet B
The Dark Side of Nebraska
The Dark Side of America
Investigating Crimes - Explore the Criminal Minds!
Forensic Psychology
Cinematic Shocks
Prison Horror
The Horror Movies Blog
Incall Movie
Saw Freaks
Court Junkie
Horror Author James Hershey Jr
Serial Killer Project
History and Headlines
Psycho Killers USA
Travnvic Horror
All Things Crime Blog
5d-blog
The Morbid Dollhouse
Ed Walters
Dark Thirty News
Dark Thirty Radio
Mutual Broadcast
Leo Ashcraft
Anomaly Hub
Racks And Razors
Jeremy D Hill
Honest Liars
Frankly Curious
Funeral Home Video
Author Simon Law
Burl Barer
True Crime Uncensored
Revenant Publications
House of Mysterious Secrets
Evil Von Scary
Rhiannonirons.com
Reading Ghost
Horror Movies Uncut
Gorehore
Daily Nightmare
Geekmundo
Hudson Horror
Crime Scene Database
Curiosity Kills Podcast
Certification Track
Crimedocumentary.com
Do-evil.com
Corsobooks.com
Klondike
Solitaire
solitairechamp.info


SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE RETURN TO TOP

JAMES GILKS - OWNER
KRIS SAUNDERS- CO OWNER

WRITERS
AARON KIRKLAND
ADAM DIGENOVA
ADELAIDE LIDDEL
ALEXANDER DELIGHT
ANDY EVANS
ANGELA HOMMELL
ANNA M. GRIFFY
ANNA ROCKET
BANDI BROCK
BILL DIXON
BOB GEORGE
BOB WARD
BRAD BARRETT
BRIAN RUSSELL
BRIAN WHITNEY
BRIDGET HEATH
BRIDGETTE ORMOND
BRUCE MOWDAY
BRYAN BURR
CASEY FRANK
CASEY JONES
CHARLOTTE GLEDSON
CHRIS BARTHOLOMEW
CHRIS CASINES
CHRISTI PUNTENEY
DAVID BOYLE
DAVID C. HAYES
DAVID L TAMARIN
DEANNA MULLINS
DENISE NOE
DION BRASS
DOUG WALLACE
DYLAN BONNAR
ELLEN GROGAN
EVIL LUCY
EZRA RAINSTEIN
FAITH LEANNE
FRANCESCA HAVRE
FRANK ANZALONE
FREDERICK MADDEN
FREDERICK W. COOK
GARIN T. JONES
GENERAL AK47
GILBERT JOHNSON
HERLAKA ROSE
JASON HUGHES
JASON WOLFE
JAYNEE VOELPEL
JEFFREY HAYES
JEMMA LILLEY
JEN MONTZ
JEN PADDON
JESSICA FAIRFIELD
JESSICA ROBINSON
JOANNE FEDDELER
JODI RENÉE LESTER
JOHN DAVID HERNANDEZ
JOHN WISNIEWSKI
JONATHON CRYSTAL
JORDAN SEMICH
JUDITH YATES
KAIT BOBLABLA
KAIT WELLMAN
KATIE DOHERTY
KAMYELLE POWELL
KATHRYN JEWEL
KATIE DOHERTY
KEIMI YAMAGATA
KELLY HUTCHISON
KENNY HACKNEY
KILMER VARIENT
KIMBERLY BAILEY
KIMBERLY LEWIS
KRYSTINA VALLADARES
LADY ZOMBIE
LISA WILBERDING
LORENZO GARZA
LUIS CARBAJALES
LUKE DAVIES
MADISON SHERMAN
MAGGIE SMOAK
MARTIN PROBEE
MAT CLOUSER
MATTHEW AARON
MELISSA HOGLE
MICHAEL ALOISI
MICHAEL BORELLA
MICHELLE CRIST
MICHELLE KOSTEVC
MOLLY CELASCHI
NADIA FEZZANI
NICHOLAS PEACOCK
NICK STEVENS
NICOLE MEREDITH
REAGAN DAVIS
REV WILLIAM SMYERS
RJ PARKER
RHIANNON EDWARDS
ROBERT HARNISH
SALLY BUCKLEY
SAMANTHA KESSINGER
SCOTT RUSSELL
SEAN DEMERS
SHELLY RAAB
SHAUN DUNNE
SHELLS WALTER
SKYE ANDREWS
STEPH ARENA
STEPHANIE JOHNSON
STEPHEN W. ROBERTS
STEVE GIANNANGELO
TAMMY ARMSTRONG
TOD BOHANNON
VANESSA WEST
VICKY ZUBCIC
WILLIAM A. KINGMAN

ARTISTS
ADAM CLINE
ADAM GEYER
ADAM WILLIAMS
ALEKSANDR POLTAVSKIY
ANDREAS LARSSON
ANDREW O'CONDELL
ANI ASLANIAN
BILLY CRANCE
BRYON BURDICK
CHAD OCONNELL
CHRIS CARPENTER
CHRYSTAL THOMPSON
CHUCK HODI
CLAIRE AZZOPARDI
CLINT CARNEY
CODY WHITMAN
CRAIG HEWITT
DAN HARTMAN
DAN VERKYS
DARIO GARCIA
DARYL WALKER
DAVID CSICSELY
DAVID HARTMAN
DR. PAYNE
EDDIE MULLINS
ERIC SWARTZ
ERIC WELLMAN
ERIN TINNEY
FABIEN FERNANDEZ
FRANKIE BABYLON
GERALD TORBITT
GREGORY COBURN
HAYLEY MUI
HERVE SCOTT FLAMENT
IAN WAGNER
JACK MALEBRANCH
JAMES GILKS
JAMES RICHARDSON
JASON DAQUINO
JEREMY VANDERMARK
JESSICA FAIRFIELD
JESSICA JOHNSON
JOAQUIN MONTALVAN
JO DUGGAN
JOAQUIN MONTALVAN
JOE COLEMAN
JOEL BAGLEY
JOHNNY MACHINE
JONATHAN HAWK
JOSHUA MASON
JUSTIN MYERS
KAHLA WALKOSKI
KELLY HUTCHISON
KIMBERLY BAILEY
KUNSTATELIER -
GEBHARDT 
KURT BELCHER
LEE BILLINGHAM
LEONARDO CASAS
LORI HESTON
LOU RUSCONI
LYDA DAY
MARK STINSON
MARTHANA YUSA
MATT VERGES
MATTHEW AARON
MATTHEW JOEL -
CASSAR 
MICHAEL MAJEWSKI
MICHAEL REYNOLDS
MICHI NEW FRANKENSTEIN
MICKMO
MIKE STOLTZ
NELLIE BROWN
NICOLAS CASTELAUX
NICHOLAS RAIMO
NICK DUNKELY
NICK LAZARISS
OPHELIE BERNAUD
PATRICK OLSEN
PAUL MELLINO
PETE BERG
PHILIP R. MERTZ
R.M. HANSON
RANDY WALL
ROBERTO ARANDA
ROWAN ANDREWS
RYAN SCHEMPP
SARAH SMITH
SHANE SHEILS
SHANNON HILSON
SHANNON RIDDLE
SIONA MORROW
TOM PALIWODA
URIEL A. DURAN
VINCE PACKARD
VINCENT CASTIGLIA
WILLIAM JENNINGS

WANT TO BE PART OF OUR KILLER TEAM? CONTACT JAMES GILKS


Angela Jane JOHNSON

Classification: Murderer
Characteristics: Slayings of two federal drug informants
Number of victims: 5
Date of murders: July 25/November 4, 1993
Date of arrest: July 2000
Date of birth: 1964
Victims profile: Greg Nicholson, his girlfriend, Lori Ann Duncan, 31, and her two daughters, Kandace Duncan, 10, and Amber Duncan, 6 / Terry DeGeus, 32
Method of murder: Shooting
Location: Cerro Gordo County, Iowa, USA
Status: Sentenced to death on December 19, 2005


Angela Johnson is the first woman sentenced to death by a United States Federal jury since Bonnie Brown Heady was executed by the gas chamber in 1953. She is the first woman sentenced to die by a federal court in over 50 years. Forty-nine women have been executed under state laws since 1900.

In 2005, she was found guilty of involvement in the murder of five people in the State of Iowa in the 1993 attempt to derail a methamphetamine investigation. Iowa is one of only twelve US states without a capital punishment law.

The jury that convicted her also handed down four death sentence. The presiding judge has stated "I am troubled by the lack of certainty in the record concerning the precise involvement of Angela Johnson in these crimes". Under federal law, the judge is bound by the jury's verdict.

Her former boyfriend, Dustin Honken, is currently on death row, also convicted of the murders. Although it was Honken who actually pulled the trigger, killing three adults and two children, Johnson received the death penalty for all five victims, while Honken was sentenced to death for only the two children.

Johnson, who lured four of the victims to their death by posing as a lost sales person in need of a phonebook, gained entrance into the victim's home, allowing access for Honken. Honken then videotaped a forced confession from one of the victims in hopes of exoneration from a previous drug charge. Afterwards, the victims were taken to a remote location before being murdered.

The fifth victim, who previously dated Johnson and allegedly owed drug money to Honken, was also baited by Johnson when she requested they meet at a local county club where she was working. They then drove to a local farm where Honken was waiting with a loaded handgun.

The Court of Appeals described her participation thusly: "[T]he killings resulted from her substantial participation in the murders; namely, that she procured the murder weapon, participated in the hunt for Nicholson, employed a ruse so that she and Honken could gain entry to the Duncans’ residence, bound and gagged at least one of the victims, and exploited her relationship with DeGeus to lure him to the remote location where he was killed."

Johnson, who had a child from a previous marriage, was also pregnant by Honken at the time of the murders.

Johnson, Federal Bureau of Prisons #08337-029, is being held at Federal Medical Center, Carswell.

On March 23, 2012, Federal Judge Mark W. Bennett vacated Johnson's death sentence, citing a failure to introduce evidence about her mental state from an "alarmingly dysfunctional" defense team. Her punishment phase will either be re-heard in front of a new jury or she will be sentenced to life without parole. The vacating of her death sentences did not effect her convictions in the case.

Wikipedia.org


Iowa Woman Gets Death Sentence in Killings

By Todd Dvorak, Associated Press Writer

December 20, 2005

SIOUX CITY, Iowa - A woman was sentenced to death Tuesday for helping her former boyfriend kill five people, including two children, in an attempt to thwart an investigation of the man's methamphetamine business.

Angela Johnson, 41, maintained her innocence and said she was manipulated by Dustin Honken, her ex-boyfriend, who was sentenced to death in October.

"I regret I wasn't strong enough," she said.

Johnson and Honken are the first people sentenced to death in Iowa in more than 40 years. Iowa does not have the death penalty. Federal prosecutors brought the case against Johnson and Honken.

U.S. District Judge Mark Bennett said last week he was bound by law to issue the sentence a jury recommended in June, but was "troubled by the lack of certainty in the record concerning the precise involvement" of Johnson in the crimes.

Prosecutors said Honken and Johnson schemed to kill two of Honken's former drug dealers, Greg Nicholson and Terry DeGeus, after Honken learned both men had agreed to cooperate with federal agents.

Nicholson, Lori Duncan and her daughters, ages 6 and 10, disappeared in 1993; prosecutors said Johnson had posed as a cosmetics saleswoman to gain access to Duncan's home. DeGeus disappeared months later, after telling relatives he was meeting with Johnson. The victims were tortured and shot.

Their bodies were found in 2000, after Johnson scrawled a map of the graves and unwittingly gave it to a jailhouse informant, prosecutors said.

Defense attorneys said Johnson had no idea of her boyfriend's plans to murder witnesses.


Death in IowaAngela Johnson could be the first woman executed by the federal government since December 1953 if the decision by a jury earlier this week in Iowa holds up on appeal.Johnson was convicted a few weeks ago in U.S. District Court for her role in helping nerdy but deadly drug kingpin Dustin Honken murder three adults and two children in an attempt to fend off a federal drug probe in 1993. On Wednesday, the jury recommended that she pay for her crimes with her life.

Late last year Honken himself became the first person sentenced to death by Iowa jurors in 41 years.

Honken was a community college chemistry whiz who began manufacturing methamphetamines with his brother and a childhood friend in 1992. He sold several pounds of the deadly stimulant to two Iowa men, Terry DeGues and Greg Nicholson.

His drug dealing career didn’t last very long and Honken was arrested by federal authorities in March 1993. Over the spring and summer of that year, Honken and his attorney negotiated with the feds and Honken learned that Nicholson was cooperating with the government. Honken agreed to plead guilty to federal drug charges in July 1993.

However, the week before Honken was scheduled to appear in court for his plea, Nicholson disappeared along with his 32-year-old girlfriend Lori Duncan and her two daughters, Kandi, 10, and Amber, 6. Honken subsequently backed out of his guilty plea and with little evidence, the government was forced to drop its case.

In November 1993, DeGues also dropped off the face of the earth.

Although that case against Honken collapsed, he was nabbed again in 1996 and a year later pleaded guilty to meth dealing and got a 27-year prison sentence.

If he had been able to keep his mouth shut, Dustin Honken would have gotten away with murder. But behind bars, face is everything and Honken, a wussy little doormat of a con, had to talk tough to stay alive.

His first mistake was telling enough of the truth to other cons who immediately put it to their own use. Honken’s second screw-up was involving Angela Johnson in the killings.

Armed with Honken’s jailhouse confessions, authorities arrested Johnson on conspiracy and murder charges and put her in the Benton County, Iowa jail where she met Robert McNeese.

McNeese was on his way to prison to serve a life sentence for heroin delivery when Johnson began confiding in him that she was connected to multiple homicides. She wanted to kill one friend who had implicated her in the murders of the Duncans, DeGues and Nicholson, and was afraid that Dustin Honken was looking to eliminate her, as well.

On the stand at Johnson’s trial, McNeese admitted that he saw an opportunity to help himself by making believe he could help Johnson find someone else to take the fall for the crime.

“I told her I had been in prison a long time,” he said. “I knew a lot of people. I told her she would have to describe how the crimes were committed, what the people were wearing when they were killed and where the bodies were located.”

Johnson bit and provided all of the information McNeese wanted, including a map which led police to recover the bodies of Honken’s five victims.

When she learned she had been double-crossed, Johnson attempted suicide.

Eventually, Honken and Johnson would be put on trial and the truth about how their victims died would come out.

“I killed my rats,” Honken told federal prisoner Fred Tokars, who is serving life for murdering his wife.

Honken used Johnson to get to the victims. On July 25, 1993, she showed up at Duncan’s home posing as a cosmetics saleswoman who was lost. She let Johnson into her home and Honken followed, brandishing a handgun.

Tokars testified at Honken’s trial in 2004 that Johnson herded the Duncans into a bedroom while Honken forced Nicholson, who had worn a wire as a cooperating witness, to videotape a statement exonerating him.

The group was then tortured, bound, gagged and shot in the back of the head. Tokars testified that Honken told him in 1998 that Kandi and Amber Duncan saw their mother and Nicholson murdered. They were rats being raised by rats, Honken said.

A tape played at Honken’s trial, recorded by a cooperating inmate witness, reveals Honken enjoyed killing. “It’s like getting high,” he said.

The corpses were driven to a field southwest of Mason City and dumped in shallow graves.

Months later, Angela Johnson lured DeGeus to his death. Johnson called her former lover and asked him to meet her on Nov. 4, 1993, the last time he was seen. He was beaten to death with a baseball bat and shot several times.

During the penalty phase of Johnson’s trial, Lori Duncan’s brother recalled that his father blamed himself for his granddaughters’ deaths. The girls had wanted to stay overnight with him on July 25, 1993, but it was inconvenient for him at the time.

The man is haunted by the belief that “if he had watched the girls that night, they’d still be with us now,” his son said. MarkGribben.com


United States Court of Appeals
For the Eighth Circuit

No. 06-1001

United States of America, Appellee,
v.
Angela Jane Johnson, Appellant.

Appeal from the United States District Court for the Northern District of Iowa.

Submitted: February 14, 2007
Filed: July 30, 2007

Before WOLLMAN, BYE, and SMITH, Circuit Judges.

WOLLMAN, Circuit Judge. A federal jury found Angela Johnson guilty of aiding and abetting the murder of five individuals while working in furtherance of a continuing criminal enterprise (CCE), violations of 21U.S.C. § 848(e)(1)(A) and 18U.S.C. § 2, and five counts of aiding and abetting the killing of these individuals while engaging in a drug conspiracy, also in violation of 21U.S.C. § 848(e)(1)(A) and 18U.S.C. § 2. The jury voted to impose the death penalty for four of these murders and voted to impose a sentence of life in prison for the fifth murder, resulting in a total of eight death sentences and two life sentences. Following her convictions, Johnson filed a motion in arrest of judgment, a motion for acquittal, and a motion for a new trial ­ all of which were denied by the district court1 in a comprehensive memorandum opinion.

See United States v. Johnson, 403 F. Supp. 2d 721 (N.D. Iowa 2005). Johnson appeals from her convictions and her sentences, raising 28 issues.2 We remand the case so that the district court may vacate five of her ten convictions. In all other respects, we affirm.

I.

As set forth in greater detail below, this case revolves around five murders. In July of 1993, Johnson's boyfriend, Dustin Honken, with Johnson's help, abducted and killed Greg Nicholson, Lori Duncan (Nicholson's girlfriend), and Duncan's two young daughters, Amber and Kandi. Nicholson, who had sold drugs for Honken, was the central witness in a drug case against Honken. The Duncans had the misfortune of being present when Honken and Johnson arrived at their home to deal with Nicholson. Months later, Honken, again with Johnson's assistance, murdered a second potential witness against Honken, Johnson's former boyfriend, Terry DeGeus.

In 1992, Honken started manufacturing methamphetamine with his friend Tim Cutkomp in Arizona. Honken's brother, Jeff Honken, financed the operation.

Honken distributed the methamphetamine to Greg Nicholson and Terry DeGeus, who were both drug dealers in Mason City, Iowa. In early 1993, during one of Honken's trips to Mason City, DeGeus sent Johnson, who was his girlfriend at the time, to deliver either drug proceeds or methamphetamine to Honken. Johnson told Honken that because DeGeus was using too much of the methamphetamine for his own 1 The Honorable Mark W. Bennett, then Chief Judge, United States District Court for the Northern District of Iowa.

2 One of the issues Johnson raises, the admission of statements by Robert McNeese, has already been addressed by this Court. See United States v. Johnson, 352 F.3d 339 (8th Cir. 2003); United States v. Johnson, 338 F.3d 918 (8th Cir. 2003).

Accordingly, we will not revisit the issue here. personal use, Honken should deal directly with Johnson instead. Johnson and Honken began a romantic relationship and within six months, Johnson became pregnant with Honken's child. In late February or early March of 1993, Cutkomp moved to Iowa, but continued participating in Honken's drug enterprise.

In March 1993, police began investigating Nicholson and executed a search warrant for his residence, which led to the discovery of a large amount of methamphetamine and money. Nicholson agreed to cooperate with law enforcement and told agents that Honken had supplied him with several pounds of methamphetamine over a period of 10-11 months, for which he paid Honken a total of approximately $100,000. On March 21, 1993, Nicholson met with Honken to deliver drug proceeds. During their conversation, which was monitored by police, they discussed past and future deliveries of methamphetamine. That day, police arrested Honken and Cutkomp. In Honken's pocket, officers found a note listing money owed to Honken by two individuals referred to as "G-man" and "T-man." A receipt for the purchase of chemicals was found in Cutkomp's pocket. After Honken was arrested, Jeff Honken disposed of items from Honken's drug lab that Honken had kept in one of Jeff Honken's storage sheds.

In April 1993, a federal grand jury indicted Honken for conspiracy to distribute methamphetamine. Honken was released on bond. Honken informed the court that he intended to plead guilty, and a plea hearing was scheduled for July 30, 1993.

During June and July of 1993, Honken and Johnson began searching for Nicholson.

On the evenings they looked for Nicholson, Johnson would ask her friend, Christi Gaubatz, to babysit Johnson's daughter. Honken and Johnson borrowed Gaubatz's car on these occasions so that they would not be spotted by Nicholson. On July 7, 1993, Johnson purchased a semi-automatic 9 mm assault pistol at a pawn shop about an hour's drive from her home.3 The last time Johnson asked Gaubatz to babysit so that she and Honken could look for Nicholson was July 24, 1993. That evening, Nicholson, Nicholson's girlfriend, Lori Duncan, and Lori Duncan's two children, Kandi and Amber, were murdered.

Johnson later recounted the details of the murders to various witnesses. The following recitation is drawn from these accounts. Johnson knocked on the door of the Duncans' home and asked if she could look at their telephone book. Johnson was carrying a cosmetics demonstration bag and claimed that she had an appointment to give a demonstration, but was uncertain of the address. She secured entry into the house, with Honken apparently right behind her. There was testimony that once the door was opened, Honken and Johnson "rushed" the occupants. While Johnson and Honken were in the house, one or both of them videotaped Nicholson making statements exculpating Honken. At some point, Johnson went upstairs with Kandi and Amber and had them pack up some of their things ­ either to persuade the girls that they were going on a trip or to convince any subsequent visitors to the house that they had done so. Honken and Johnson bound and gagged the adults with materials that either Honken or Johnson had brought to the house and drove the victims to a wooded area. Honken took the two adults out of the car and shot them in the head while Johnson waited in the car with the children. The children were then taken out of the car and shot as well. All four were placed in a single grave that had been dug earlier.

As set forth below, their bodies were eventually discovered years later.

After the murders, Honken provided his attorney with the videotape in which Nicholson exculpated Honken. When Honken appeared for his plea hearing, which took place five days after the murders, he declined to plead guilty. His attorney told the prosecutor that the case was not as strong as the government had believed. The tape was eventually returned to Honken and never seen again.

With Nicholson missing, the government's attention turned to DeGeus. On October 27, 1993, several individuals were subpoenaed, including Johnson and DeGeus's friend, Aaron Ryerson. Ryerson was questioned about possible connections between Honken and DeGeus. After Ryerson spoke with DeGeus, DeGeus called Johnson and told her what Ryerson had said to him about his time before the grand jury. Nine days later, on November 5, DeGeus dropped his daughter off at his parents' house and told them that he was going to meet with Johnson. By this time, DeGeus suspected that something may have happened to Nicholson, and he was concerned that he might share Nicholson's fate. Although DeGeus knew that Johnson was involved with Honken, he apparently agreed to meet with her because he still had strong feelings for her. DeGeus was murdered that night. The evidence indicates that DeGeus was either shot by Honken and then beaten with a baseball bat or beaten first and then shot.4 Following DeGeus's disappearance, Johnson gave conflicting reports to police and others about the night he disappeared, telling some individuals that she had not seen him that night and telling others that she had seen him, but that he had left after they had spoken. During the fall of 1993, Gaubatz found a bag containing a large black handgun, which had a silencer attached to it, in her closet. Upset by this discovery, Gaubatz called Johnson, who retrieved the weapon.

In March 1995, the federal drug charges against Honken were dismissed. In 1995, Honken enlisted the assistance of Dan Cobeen to help with the methamphetamine operation, but before Cobeen was allowed to participate, Honken took him to see Johnson for her approval. Unbeknownst to Honken or Johnson, however, Cobeen was cooperating with law enforcement and provided the authorities with information about the methamphetamine operation.

On February 7, 1996, before Honken and his associates were able to produce methamphetamine, law enforcement agents executed a search warrant for Honken's home, whereupon they seized items related to the production of methamphetamine.

Two months later, the government brought drug charges against Honken and Cutkomp. After Honken's arrest, Honken and Johnson discussed killing witnesses, including Cobeen and law enforcement agents. Cutkomp testified that Honken was reluctant to involve Johnson in any efforts to kill Cobeen because she was a "hot head and just wanted to go do ­ just do it." Cutkomp was also worried about Johnson pushing Honken to follow through with the plans. Honken pled guilty to drug charges in 1997. Around the time of the sentencing hearing, Johnson called Jeff Honken and yelled, "[I]f Dustin wasn't going to be able to see his kids she was going to make sure [Jeff Honken wasn't] going to be able to see [his]." Johnson was charged with the murders in July 2000 and taken to the Benton County, Iowa, Jail, where she met another inmate, Robert McNeese. McNeese convinced Johnson that he was connected to the mob and that he could find an inmate already serving a life sentence who would confess to the murders. He told her that all he needed was information about the crimes so that this inmate could convince the authorities of his involvement. Johnson obliged, providing maps depicting the location of the victims' bodies and information about how they were killed. McNeese then provided this information to the authorities. Using the maps, officers found Nicholson and the Duncan family in a single grave. The two adults were found bound and gagged and had been shot multiple times, suffering gunshots to the head.

DeGeus's body was found a few miles away in a field behind an abandoned house.

He had suffered multiple gunshot wounds, and his skull had been fractured into dozens of pieces.

Johnson's trial was trifurcated into three phases: a "merits" phase, in which the jury found her guilty of the murders, an "eligibility phase," in which the jury determined that she was eligible for the death penalty, and a "selection phase," in which the jury voted for the death penalty for Johnson's participation in the deaths of Lori Duncan, Amber Duncan, Kandi Duncan, and Terry DeGeus. The jury voted for life imprisonment for Johnson's participation in Greg Nicholson's murder. In a separate trial, Honken was also convicted of the murders, but Honken, unlike Johnson, received life sentences for the murders of Lori Duncan and DeGeus.

II.

As indicated earlier, Johnson raises 28 issues on appeal. We will discuss in detail only those issues that we believe merit extended treatment, addressing the issues in roughly the same order as Johnson has presented them.

1. The proportionality of Johnson's death sentences under the Eighth Amendment

Johnson argues first that the district court erred in denying her motion to strike the death penalty from the indictment. She contends that because Honken, the principal, received life sentences for the murders of DeGeus and Lori Duncan, imposing the death penalty for their murders upon Johnson, who had only aided and abetted the killings, would be a disproportionate punishment, in violation of the Eighth Amendment. She also contends that because she was a mere aider and abettor whose conduct did not lead to the deaths of the victims, she was ineligible for the death penalty for any of the murders. Johnson provides little support for her contention that a district court may strike the death penalty from the indictment despite the government's compliance with the statutory prerequisites for seeking the death penalty. Nevertheless, because Johnson also appears to articulate a freestanding Eighth Amendment claim, we will address the merits of her contention that the imposition of the death penalty would constitute cruel and unusual punishment.

We do not believe that the disparity between Honken's and Johnson's sentences violates the Eighth Amendment. While the Supreme Court has "occasionally struck down punishments as inherently disproportionate, and therefore cruel and unusual," Pulley v. Harris, 465 U.S. 37, 43 (1984), the Court's review has traditionally entailed "an abstract evaluation of the appropriateness of a sentence for a particular crime." Id. at 42-43. In other words, traditional proportionality review hinges on whether a particular kind of crime warrants a particular punishment. For example, the Court has concluded that imposing the death penalty for the rape of an adult woman "is grossly disproportionate and excessive punishment for the crime of rape and is therefore forbidden by the Eighth Amendment as cruel and unusual punishment." Coker v. Georgia, 433 U.S. 584, 592 (1977). Similarly, the Court has determined that the death penalty is a disproportionate penalty for a defendant who is guilty of felony murder, but who did not kill, attempt to kill, or intend or contemplate that a killing would occur. Enmund v. Florida, 458 U.S. 782, 801 (1982).

Johnson contends that the Eighth Amendment requires not only proportionality between a sentence and a particular category of crime, but also proportionality between codefendants' sentences. We disagree. The Supreme Court has rejected similar contentions, noting in McCleskey v. Kemp, 481 U.S. 279, 306-07 (1987), that a defendant cannot "prove a constitutional violation by demonstrating that other defendants who may be similarly situated did not receive the death penalty." Id.; see also United States v. Chauncey, 420 F.3d 864, 876 (8th Cir. 2005) (remarking that "a defendant's sentence is not disproportionate merely because it exceeds his codefendant's sentence"), cert. denied, 126 S. Ct. 1480 (2006). It bears mention, too, that although we assume that the government presented similar evidence in both Honken's and Johnson's trials, the evidence may have differed slightly. In particular, Johnson has not apprised us of the mitigation evidence Honken presented in his trial.

Two juries hearing similar, but not identical, evidence may well reach different conclusions regarding the proper penalty for their respective defendants. In addition, different verdicts may permissibly reflect not only differences between the facts presented at trial, but differences between the juries themselves. "Individual jurors bring to their deliberations qualities of human nature and varieties of human experience, the range of which is unknown and perhaps unknowable." McCleskey, 481 U.S. at 310-11 (citation and quotation marks omitted). One cannot expect that two different juries ­ each of which is composed of citizens with diverse backgrounds and values ­ must necessarily reach the same verdict.

Johnson contends that Enmund supports the proposition that courts "must evaluate a defendant's culpability both individually and in terms of the sentences of codefendants and accomplices in the same case." (Appellant's Br. at 19). Johnson's reliance on Enmund is misplaced. In Enmund, two people were murdered during the course of a robbery while Enmund was sitting nearby in a car, waiting to help the robbers escape. Enmund was not present during the murders, did not intend that the victims be killed, and had not anticipated that "lethal force would or might be used if necessary to effectuate the robbery or a safe escape." Enmund, 458 U.S. at 788. Both Enmund and the codefendants who had actually committed the murders were sentenced to death. The Supreme Court concluded that a death sentence "is an excessive penalty for the robber who, as such, does not take human life," id. at 797, and that the death penalty was a disproportionate penalty for Enmund because he did not "kill, attempt to kill, or intend that a killing take place or that lethal force will be employed." Id. at 797. Enmund thus holds that the death penalty is too harsh a penalty for a certain category of crime.5 In sum, we do not believe that Enmund 5 Johnson's interpretation of Enmund apparently rests on a single passage in which the Court remarks that it was improper for Enmund to be treated as harshly as his more culpable codefendants. Enmund, 458 U.S. at 798. We do not believe that this isolated comment was intended to require proportionality between codefendants' sentences. Instead, the Court was making the more unexceptional observation that those who kill or intend to kill, such as Enmund's codefendants, are, as a class, more culpable and more deserving of greater punishment than those like Enmund, who do not. Moreover, the Court stated only a few lines earlier that the "focus must be on [Enmund's] culpability, not on that of those who committed the robbery and shot the assists Johnson, and we reject her contention that the disparity between her sentence and Honken's violates the Eighth Amendment. See Hatch v. Oklahoma, 58 F.3d 1447, 1466-67 (10th Cir. 1995) (holding that the Eighth Amendment does not require codefendants' sentences to be proportional to one another).

Johnson also argues that the death penalty was disproportionate under Enmund and Tison v. Arizona, 481 U.S. 137 (1987), because she was only minimally involved in the murders, the deaths did not result from her actions, and she had not foreseen that life would be taken. We conclude that these contentions are unavailing. First, there was evidence that the killings resulted from her substantial participation in the murders; namely, that she procured the murder weapon, participated in the hunt for Nicholson, employed a ruse so that she and Honken could gain entry to the Duncans' residence, bound and gagged at least one of the victims, and exploited her relationship with DeGeus to lure him to the remote location where he was killed. There was thus sufficient evidence that Johnson was an essential participant in the murders.

There was also evidence that she intended that the killings occur. First, the jury reasonably rejected Johnson's suggestion that she had, at most, intended to participate in kidnaping Nicholson and the Duncans. Nicholson was a potential witness; if he remained alive there would be a danger that he might recant the exculpatory remarks he made about Honken in the videotape. The Duncans were witnesses to Honken's and Johnson's treatment of Nicholson. To be efficacious for Honken's and Johnson's purposes, a kidnapping would have necessarily constituted an involved, long-term affair. There was no evidence that any such scheme was in the works.6 As for DeGeus's murder, the jury could have concluded that Johnson lured DeGeus to a victims, for we insist on individualized consideration as a constitutional requirement in imposing the death sentence." Id. (citation and quotation marks omitted).

6 Although Johnson had the girls pack some things, this was a ruse to convince either the girls or others that they were going away somewhere. secluded location where Honken could kill him, particularly in light of the fact that Johnson knew that Honken had killed Nicholson and the Duncans months earlier.

2. Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 24(b) and Equal Protection

Johnson next argues that Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 24(b) violates her equal protection rights. Under Fed. R. Crim. P. 24(b), defendants in non-capital felony cases are entitled to ten peremptory challenges, whereas the government receives six challenges. In a capital case, however, both the defendant and the government receive twenty peremptory challenges. Fed. R. Crim. P. 24(b)(1).

Johnson argues that Rule 24(b) violates her equal protection rights because defendants in non-capital cases have a more favorable ratio of peremptory challenges vis-á-vis the government than do defendants in capital cases. Johnson's argument is unavailing.

We reject first Johnson's suggestion that because Rule 24(b) burdens a fundamental constitutional right strict scrutiny applies. Peremptory challenges are not "of federal constitutional dimension." United States v. Martinez-Salazar, 528 U.S.

304, 311 (2000). Instead, the right to peremptory challenges "is in the nature of a statutory privilege," Frazier v. United States, 335 U.S. 497, 506 n.11 (1948), provided to help secure the defendant's constitutional right to a fair trial. Id. at 505. We also reject Johnson's argument that Rule 24(b) fails rational-basis review. Johnson contends that if defendants need more peremptories than the government in noncapital cases, then defendants also need more peremptories than the government in capital cases. Rational-basis review, however, does not require a perfect or exact fit between the means used and the ends sought. Banker's Life & Cas. Co. v. Crenshaw, 486 U.S. 71, 85 (1988) (noting that a statute need not be "perfectly calibrated in order to pass muster under the rational-basis test"). The legislature is not required to calculate with precision the exact number of challenges necessary to help secure the defendant's right to a fair trial. Nor is the legislature required to arrive at a perfect defendant-to-government ratio. Although the government does not squarely proffer a reason for the disparity between the ratio of government-to-defendant challenges in capital and non-capital cases, its briefing suggests, and the progress of this case confirms, that in a capital case, the venire panel's views on the death penalty become the primary pivot around which jury selection turns. The government and the defense arguably have an equal interest in exploring the jurors' attitudes. Rule 24(b) may not be "perfectly calibrated," perhaps, but it passes rational-basis muster.

3. Johnson's Sixth Amendment rights and her right to peremptory challenges

Johnson argues that her Sixth Amendment right to an impartial jury was violated because the district court erroneously denied her for-cause challenges to more than a dozen jurors. She also contends that the district court's error impaired her right to exercise peremptory challenges because she was forced to expend a number of her peremptory challenges on jurors who should have been excused for cause.

A. Sixth Amendment argument

Because Johnson exercised peremptory challenges to prevent all the challenged jurors except juror 600 from sitting on her jury, juror 600 is the only juror about whom she can raise a Sixth Amendment objection. See United States v. Nelson, 347 F.3d 701, 710 (8th Cir. 2003) (claim that district court erred by not excluding four penalty-phase jurors for cause lacked merit because the defendant had used peremptory challenges to prevent the challenged jurors from sitting on the jury); United States v. Paul, 217 F.3d 989, 1004 (8th Cir. 2000) (noting that the defendant's claim on appeal concerning district court's denial of challenge for cause was unavailing because, inter alia, the three challenged jurors did not sit on the jury).

The district court did not abuse its discretion in denying Johnson's motion to strike juror 600. A venireperson may be properly excluded from sitting in a capital case if the venireperson's views on capital punishment would "prevent or substantially impair the performance of his duties as a juror in accordance with his instructions and his oath." Wainwright v. Witt, 469 U.S. 412 , 424 (1985). "Because the trial judge is in the best position to analyze the demeanor and credibility of a venireman, we will not reverse a court's rulings absent an abuse of discretion." United States v. Ortiz, 315 F.3d 873, 888 (8th Cir. 2002); see also Uttecht v. Brown, 2007 U.S. Lexis 6965, 12-17 (June 4, 2007) (concluding that a trial judge's determinations regarding substantial impairment should be accorded deference). Johnson contends that juror 600 should have been struck because he stated that his empathy for the victim's family and the fact that the crime involved children could affect his judgments about the case.

She also asserts that juror 600 would not consider any deals that a prisoner may have received or might hope for in weighing the prisoner's testimony. Although the juror gave some equivocal answers and acknowledged the possibility that his judgment could be affected by some aspects of the case, the district court concluded that juror 600 could be fair and impartial and that his statements reflected the "reasonable self doubts" of a conscientious and reflective person. Moreover, although he initially indicated little interest in whether witnesses hoped for sentencing reductions in exchange for their testimony, juror 600 stated that he would consider the motivations of witnesses in testifying and acknowledged the "real possibility" that some witnesses might lie to obtain some sort of benefit. We therefore cannot say that the district court abused its discretion in denying Johnson's for-cause challenge to this juror.

B. Impairment of her right to exercise peremptory challenges

Johnson contends also that her statutory entitlement to twenty peremptory challenges was impaired because she was, as she puts it, forced to "waste" 60% of her peremptory challenges on jurors who should have been stricken for cause. We disagree. In Martinez-Salazar, the Supreme Court held that a defendant's right to exercise peremptory challenges is not impaired when the defendant elects to use her challenges to remove jurors who should have been stricken for cause. Martinez Salazar, 528 U.S. at 317. In reaching this conclusion, the Court noted that peremptory challenges are "auxiliary" to the right of an impartial jury and that they are one means of ensuring a fair trial, but are not themselves of "federal constitutional dimension." Id. at 311; see also Frazier, 335 U.S. at 505 ("the right [to peremptory challenges] is given in aid of the party's interest to secure a fair and impartial jury . . .").

Accordingly, Johnson did not, to use her phrase, "waste" her peremptory challenges.

Instead, she "used the challenge[s] in line with a principal reason for peremptories: to help secure the constitutional guarantee of trial by an impartial jury." MartinezSalazar, 528 U.S. at 316.7 Johnson suggests that her case is distinguishable from Martinez-Salazar because unlike Martinez-Salazar, who "did not ask for a makeup peremptory or object to any juror who sat," id. at 318 (Souter, J., concurring), Johnson requested additional peremptory challenges and objected to juror 600. She also asserts that her case is distinguishable, both from Martinez-Salazar, as well as cases applying MartinezSalazar, because of the sheer number of challenges she expended in removing jurors that she thought should have been removed for cause. We do not consider this sufficient reason to depart from the Martinez-Salazar rule. The language used by the Court does not suggest that the rule of law Martinez-Salazar enunciates hinges on how many peremptory challenges the defendant exercised for curative purposes or how the defendant would have otherwise employed her challenges if she had not used them curatively. The constitutional touchstone, we believe, is the right to a fair trial, and we are not persuaded that Johnson has been deprived of this right. Nor has she shown that her jury or the voir dire process was constitutionally objectionable in any other 7 Nor can we agree that Johnson was "forced" to use her challenges in this manner. As the Supreme Court remarked, a defendant who must make a snap decision during jury selection to either use a peremptory challenge to cure an erroneous denial of a for-cause challenge or take her chances on appeal is undoubtably faced with a difficult choice, but a "hard choice is not the same as no choice." Martinez-Salazar, 528 U.S. at 315. Johnson "received and exercised" all twenty of her peremptory challenges, which is all "[s]he is entitled to under the Rule." Id. way. Because Johnson received the twenty challenges to which she was entitled under Rule 24, and because she has not shown that she was denied either the right to a fair trial or any other constitutional right, we conclude that her claim is unavailing.8 4. The denial of Johnson's request for additional peremptory challenges The district court denied Johnson's request for additional peremptory challenges beyond the twenty to which she was entitled under Rule 24. Johnson contends that the denial was improper because she needed the additional challenges to cure the effects of pretrial publicity. Assuming for the sake of argument that the district court had the authority to grant additional peremptory challenges, we cannot discern any error in the denial of Johnson's motion. Johnson was able to challenge for cause jurors adversely affected by pretrial publicity and, if those challenges were denied, exercise her peremptory challenges. She does not appear to allege that any of the sitting jurors were prejudiced by pretrial publicity. Moreover, as the district court noted, the responses to the juror questionnaires indicated that the influence of pretrial publicity did not appear likely to impair Johnson's ability to receive a fair trial.

Johnson, 403 F. Supp. 2d at 721, 768-69. If Johnson had felt that the voir dire testimony of the jurors belied that conclusion, she could have elected to renew her motion for a change of venue during, or at the conclusion of, jury selection, but she did not. Id. In light of the foregoing, we cannot say that the district court erred in declining to provide Johnson with a greater number of peremptory challenges than the 20 provided by Rule 24(b). 5. The district court's exclusion of two jurors Johnson argues that the district court erred in striking for cause jurors 458 and 769. When juror 458 was asked if he would consider the death penalty an appropriate punishment for an intentional murder, he responded, "I'd have to say no," adding, "I believe in mercy too." Shortly thereafter he stated, "Well, I think living with the guilt is penalty enough in my opinion. You know, how much worse can it get?" He also remarked that he would vote for a life sentence without the possibility of parole 99% of the time. The district court's determination that this juror was substantially impaired was not an abuse of discretion.

Juror 769 gave markedly inconsistent and equivocal answers to the questions posed to her in the juror questionnaire and during voir dire, and twice expressed reservations about her ability to sign a verdict slip that would have the practical effect of sentencing someone to death. The district court remarked that juror 769 "was the quintessential example of a juror whose answers were so equivocal, ambiguous, and inconsistent, that the court was entitled, if not absolutely required, to remove her for cause." Johnson, 403 F. Supp. 2d at 784. We cannot say that excluding this juror constituted an abuse of discretion.

6. The prosecutor's statements to the jurors that the jurors were permitted to give no weight to various mitigating factors

Johnson contends that the district court erred in allowing the prosecutor to tell jurors during voir dire that, although they were required to consider them, the jurors were permitted to give certain mitigating evidence "no weight" in determining Johnson's sentence. Johnson also asserts that the prosecutor improperly stated during the selection-phase closing arguments that the jurors should not give any weight to the fact that Johnson had no prior criminal record. Sentencers "may determine the weight to be given relevant mitigating evidence.

But they may not give it no weight by excluding such evidence from their consideration." Eddings v. Oklahoma, 455 U.S. 104, 114-15 (1982). A capital jury is not required "to give mitigating effect or weight to any particular evidence." Paul, 217 F.3d at 999-1000 (citing Boyde v. California, 494 U.S. 370, 377 (1990)). "There is only a constitutional violation if there exists a reasonable likelihood that the jurors believed themselves precluded from considering relevant mitigating evidence." Id. at 1000 (citing Boyde, 494 U.S. at 386).9 Based on our review of the voir dire transcript, particularly those portions of the transcript to which Johnson draws our attention, we conclude that the prosecutor's comments and questions accurately reflected the law: jurors are obliged to consider relevant mitigating evidence, but are permitted to accord that evidence whatever weight they choose, including no weight at all.

We also reject Johnson's contention that the prosecutor improperly urged the jury to accord no weight to the fact that Johnson had no prior criminal record. The prosecutor did not suggest that the jury was permitted to exclude this factor from its consideration. Instead, the prosecutor acknowledged that Johnson had no prior criminal record, but suggested that this fact should be accorded no weight because there was evidence that Johnson had committed various crimes for which she had not been arrested or charged.10 7. Sufficiency of the evidence Johnson argues that the evidence was insufficient to show that the murders were committed in furtherance of a conspiracy and that the government failed to establish the elements of CCE murder.

A. Conspiracy Murder

Johnson asserts first that the murders could not have been committed in furtherance of a drug conspiracy because the conspiracy had ended in late 1992 when Cutkomp left Arizona and Honken told his brother that he was going to stop producing methamphetamine. This assertion is incorrect because, despite what Honken may have told his brother, and despite Cutkomp's move to Iowa, the evidence, including the evidence of the events culminating in Honken's March 1993 arrest, demonstrates that Honken and Cutkomp had in fact continued their methamphetamine-related activities. Johnson also suggests that the conspiracy terminated no later than March 1993, when Honken and others were arrested and Nicholson began cooperating with the authorities. A conspiracy may persist, however, "even if the participants and their activities change over time, and even if many participants are unaware of, or uninvolved in, some of the transactions." United States v. Roach, 164 F.3d 403, 412 (8th Cir. 1998).

Here, in addition to the murders undertaken to preserve the conspiracy, cf., United States v. Hamilton, 332 F.3d 1144, 1149-50 (8th Cir. 2003) ("Eliminating a witness to a murder at the drug house could logically be seen to further the conspiracy by making it less likely that the operation would be shut down as a result of a murder investigation."), there was sufficient evidence to support a finding that a conspiracy to manufacture and sell methamphetamine, with Honken at its center, continued from 1992 through 1996, Honken's 1993 arrest notwithstanding. A couple of months after Honken was arrested, Honken asked Cutkomp to obtain chemicals so that Honken could produce more methamphetamine that Honken could sell to pay off Nicholson or DeGeus. Although Cutkomp did not complete that particular task, he testified that from the time of the disappearances through about 1995, he occasionally assisted Honken in Honken's attempts to manufacture methamphetamine. Cutkomp's participation also included trips to purchase chemicals in 1995 and the disposal of evidence in 1996. Johnson participated also. In addition to her role in the murders, in 1994, Johnson supplied money to purchase chemicals, and some of Honken's attempts to manufacture methamphetamine took place at Johnson's home.

B. CCE Murder

Johnson also argues that the government failed to prove the elements of CCE murder. To establish CCE murder, the government must prove: 1) that an individual is engaged in or working in the furtherance of a CCE; 2) that this person intentionally commanded, induced, procured or caused the killing; 3) that the killing actually resulted; and 4) that there was a substantive connection between the killing and the CCE. See United States v. Jones, 101 F.3d 1263, 1267 (8th Cir. 1996). Here, Johnson was charged with aiding and abetting a CCE murder.11 Consequently, the district court instructed the jury that the second element of the offense would be met if Johnson aided and abetted the killing. The CCE alleged in this case was the drug operation organized by Honken. To establish the existence of this CCE, the government was required to prove: 1) that Honken committed a felony violation of the federal narcotics laws; 2) as part of a continuing series of three or more violations; 3) in concert with five or more other persons; 4) for whom Honken was an organizer, manager, or supervisor; 5) from which Honken derived substantial income or resources. See United States v. Jackson, 345 F.3d 638, 645 (8th Cir. 2003) (citing United States v. Jelinek, 57 F.3d 655, 657 (8th Cir. 1995)).

Johnson alleges several infirmities in the government's CCE murder case. She contends first that the CCE, like the conspiracy, had ended before the murders took place, reiterating the arguments she made regarding the conspiracy murder charge.

For essentially the same reasons stated above, we conclude that this contention lacks merit. She also asserts that Honken did not supervise five or more CCE participants.

In particular, she contends that two of the alleged CCE participants, Nicholson and DeGeus, were not managed by Honken because they had only a buyer-seller relationship with him.12 We disagree. The "management element is established by demonstrating that the defendant exerted some type of influence over another individual as exemplified by that individual's compliance with the defendant's directions, instructions, or terms." United States v. Possick, 849 F.2d 332, 336 (8th Cir. 1988). There was evidence that Nicholson and DeGeus were not merely customers, but were directed by Honken in a drug distribution scheme. They were often described as having sold drugs "for" Honken, and the evidence indicates that Honken "fronted" them the drugs, that they remitted some of their drug proceeds to Honken, and that this was an ongoing relationship coordinated by Honken. Cf.

Possick, 849 F.2d at 336 (noting that although merely fronting drugs to another person will not suffice to establish supervision, supervision may be found where the defendant fronted another individual drugs and instructed him how to arrange for collection and payment of drugs); United States v. Apodaca, 843 F.2d 421, 427 (10th Cir. 1988) (explaining that drug dealers who were fronted drugs by the defendant ­ to whom they passed back a portion of the proceeds from the drug sales ­ were not mere "consumers"). The quantity of drugs coupled with the ongoing relationship also suggests that Nicholson and DeGeus were not merely Honken's customers. See United States v. Prieskorn, 658 F.2d 631, 634-35 (8th Cir. 1981) (noting that the large quantity of cocaine and evidence of an ongoing relationship with suppliers indicated participation in conspiracy). We also note that Nicholson stored drugs for Honken.

In sum, we conclude that Honken supervised Nicholson and DeGeus and that the elements of CCE murder were established.13 8. Admission of evidence relating to Honken's guilty plea Johnson moved in limine for the exclusion of evidence pertaining to Honken's 1997 guilty plea, conviction, and sentence. Although she appears to agree that the fact of Honken's 1997 conviction was relevant, she argued to the district court that neither Honken's sentence nor the "particular crimes" with which Honken was charged and to which he pled guilty were relevant. The government responded that evidence of the specific charges was relevant to provide context for statements that Honken made to Cutkomp and Cobeen, but agreed that the sentence was not relevant. The district court ordered that evidence of the sentence be excluded, but ruled that evidence pertaining to the specific charges would be admitted. Accordingly, the government was permitted to introduce exhibits 303 and 304, which reflected the crimes with which Honken was charged, the sentences he received, and the amount of methamphetamine for which he was held accountable. The government was also allowed to introduce the transcript of Honken's plea colloquy. During the meritsphase closing arguments, one of the prosecutors stated, "There were two [violations] for which [Honken] pled guilty, Exhibits 303 and 304. In the evidence in this case -and you'll have them back in the jury room -- set forth his guilty plea and conviction as to two federal felony drug convictions." Johnson contends that the two exhibits should not have been admitted and that the prosecutor improperly used this evidence of Honken's guilty plea as substantive evidence of Johnson's guilt. Cf. United States v. Rogers, 939 F.2d 591, 594 (8th Cir. 1991) (per curiam) ("Any time a guilty plea of a co-offender is either directly or indirectly brought into a trial, trial courts must ensure that it is not being offered as substantive proof of the defendant's guilt."). We conclude that even if these exhibits were improperly admitted or used for an improper purpose, any error was harmless.

Although Johnson argues that the jury should not have learned which specific crimes were involved, a reasonable juror who heard the other trial evidence would have assumed that the crimes in question involved methamphetamine. Similarly, the prospect of prejudice was diminished because, even without evidence of the guilty pleas, there was overwhelming evidence of Honken's participation in methamphetamine-related crimes during the relevant period of time. Finally, Johnson's defense did not center on whether or not Honken was involved in drug crimes, but rather on whether Johnson had knowingly participated in the murders.

9. Admission of bad acts evidence

Johnson argues next that the district court erred in permitting the introduction of evidence pertaining to bad acts committed subsequent to the murders, some of which took place years after the killings. She asserts that these bad acts were either more prejudicial than probative under Federal Rule of Evidence 403 or constituted impermissible propensity evidence pursuant to Federal Rule of Evidence 404(b). We disagree. Johnson was charged with murders committed in furtherance of a methamphetamine conspiracy and a CCE that allegedly extended from 1992 through 1998. Most of the bad acts to which Johnson refers on appeal relate to Johnson's participation in the production of methamphetamine or her attempts to influence witnesses to Honken's methamphetamine offenses, which were relevant to establish the existence of, and Johnson's involvement in, the conspiracy or CCE.14 Indeed, one of the subsequent bad acts about which Johnson complains, evidence that she possessed chemicals and equipment related to the manufacture of methamphetamine at her home in Clear Lake, Iowa, was one of the alleged predicate offenses.

Johnson devotes most of her discussion of this issue to the admission of testimony by Rick Held, an acquaintance of Honken's. Held testified that in 1998, a woman identifying herself as Honken's girlfriend called him on the telephone and told him that Honken did not need a "pup" (which evidently referred to a firearm that Honken had asked Held to acquire for him) anymore. Johnson suggests that this testimony should not have been admitted because Honken had two girlfriends and thus the statement could not have been properly attributed to Johnson. There was evidence, however, from which the jury could infer that it was Johnson who made this call, rather than another girlfriend. Having examined the record, we conclude that admission of the other subsequent bad acts evidence was proper as well.15 10. Admission of hearsay statements Johnson contends that the admission of certain hearsay statements violated both her confrontation rights as well as the Ex Post Facto Clause of the Constitution.

Because most of the statements to which Johnson objects were made by Nicholson and DeGeus, we will devote most of our analysis to the admission of these statements.16 Nicholson's and DeGeus's hearsay statements were admitted pursuant to the forfeiture by wrongdoing doctrine as codified by Federal Rule of Evidence 804(b)(6). As we explained in United States v. Emery, 186 F.3d 921 (8th Cir. 1999), a defendant's confrontation rights under the Sixth Amendment are "forfeited with respect to any witness or potential witness whose absence a defendant wrongfully procures." Id. at 926. "Hearsay objections are similarly forfeited under Fed. R. Evid.

804(b)(6), which excludes from the prohibition on hearsay any `statement offered against a party that has engaged or acquiesced in wrongdoing that was intended to, and did, procure the unavailability of the declarant as a witness.'" Id. (quoting Fed.

R. Evid. 804(b)(6)). Forfeiture under Rule 804(b)(6) applies not only in the original cases for which the declarant was an actual or potential witness, but also in any prosecution pertaining to the wrongful procurement of the witness's unavailability.

Id. In Emery, for example, the defendant murdered the woman who was cooperating with law enforcement in a drug investigation against him. Id. at 924-26. We concluded that Emery had forfeited his hearsay and confrontation objections not only with respect to "a trial on the underlying crimes about which he feared [the victim] would testify," but also "in a trial for murdering her." Id. at 926. A. Ex Post Facto Clause Johnson argues that the Ex Post Facto Clause of the Constitution precludes the application of the forfeiture by wrongdoing doctrine in her case because the rule of evidence codifying the doctrine, Rule 804(b)(6), was enacted four years after the murders took place. The argument lacks merit because Rule 804(b)(6) reflects legal principles that were well and widely recognized at the time of the murders. See Fed.

R. Evid. 804, notes of advisory committee on 1997 amendments (collecting cases).

Moreover, even if the enactment of Rule 804(b)(6) had enlarged the category of admissible evidence in a criminal case, we doubt that this would constitute an ex post facto violation. The Ex Post Facto Clause prohibits, inter alia, the application of any "law that alters the legal rules of evidence, and receives less, or different testimony, than the law required at the time of the commission of the offense, in order to convict the offender." Calder v. Bull, 3 U.S. 386 , 390 (1798) (opinion of Chase, J.). Laws that "`simply enlarge the class of persons who may be competent to testify in criminal cases' do not offend the ex post facto prohibition because they do not . . . alter the degree or lessen the amount or measure of proof necessary to convict the defendant." Palmer v. Clarke, 408 F.3d 423, 430-31 (8th Cir. 2005) (quoting Hopt v. Utah, 110 U.S. 574, 589 (1884)), cert. denied sub nom. Palmer v. Houston, 546 U.S.

1042 (2005). Accordingly, even if the enactment of Rule 804(b)(6) had enlarged the class of admissible hearsay, this expansion would not violate the Ex Post Facto Clause. We thus find unavailing Johnson's ex post facto objection to Rule 804(b)(6).

B. Applicability of the Forfeiture by Wrongdoing Doctrine

Johnson also contends that her case is distinguishable from Emery and that the forfeiture by wrongdoing doctrine is inapplicable because she did not endeavor to procure the unavailability of any witnesses against her. She also contends that the doctrine could not apply to her because she had been accused only of aiding and abetting the murders. The question, therefore, is whether the doctrine applies when a defendant aids and abets the murder of a potential witness against another person.

We conclude that it does.

We observe first that the scope of the forfeiture by wrongdoing doctrine under common law may differ from the version of the doctrine established by Rule 804(b)(6). The Sixth Circuit in United States v. Garcia-Meza, 403 F.3d 364 (6th Cir. 2005), noted that although Rule 804(b)(6) may require that the defendant intend to procure a witness's unavailability to testify, under the common law forfeiture doctrine a defendant's confrontation rights may be extinguished even if her misconduct was not specifically directed toward rendering the witness unavailable. Id. at 370.

Because the requirements for forfeiture under Rule 804(b)(6) are arguably more stringent than those under the common law version of the doctrine, a matter we need not and do not resolve today, and because the statements at issue here must, in any case, be admissible under the Federal Rules of Evidence (any forfeiture of Johnson's confrontation rights notwithstanding), our analysis will focus on the requirements of the Rule 804(b)(6).

The fact that Johnson may have only aided and abetted the procurement of the witnesses' unavailability is of little moment. If a defendant's role as an aider and abettor may constitute sufficient participation in a murder to warrant the imposition of a death sentence, such conduct should also suffice for the forfeiture of hearsay and confrontation objections. In other words, it "would make little sense to limit forfeiture of a defendant's trial rights to a narrower set of facts than would be sufficient to sustain a conviction and corresponding loss of liberty." United States v. Cherry, 217 F.3d 811, 818 (10th Cir. 2000); see also United States v. Carson, 455 F.3d 336, 364 (D.C. Cir. 2006) (suggesting that if members of a conspiracy agree to kill potential witnesses against them, all of the members of the conspiracy would be criminally responsible for resulting murders and "there is no good reason why the murder should give any of them an evidentiary advantage"), cert. denied, 127 S. Ct. 1351 (2007).

Furthermore, Rule 804(b)(6) applies when a defendant has "engaged or acquiesced in wrongdoing" procuring a witness's unavailability. We believe that this language encompasses Johnson's substantial involvement in procuring the witnesses' unavailability.

We also conclude that Rule 804(b)(6) applies to Johnson even though she had worked to procure the unavailability of potential witnesses against Honken rather than against herself. "`Because the Federal Rules of Evidence are a legislative enactment, we turn to the traditional tools of statutory construction in order to construe their provisions. We begin with the language itself.'" United States v. Gray, 405 F.3d 227, 241 (4th Cir. 2005) (quoting Beech Aircraft Corp. v. Rainey, 488 U.S. 153, 163 (1988)), cert. denied, 546 U.S. 912 (2005). The words of Rule 804(b)(6) provide only that the defendant must procure the unavailability of a witness ­ they do not specify the person against whom the unavailable witness was to have testified. After all, the purpose of Rule 804(b)(6), as the advisory committee to the Federal Rules of Evidence stated, was to enact a "prophylactic rule to deal with abhorrent behavior which strikes at the heart of the system of justice itself." Fed. R. Evid. 804(b)(6), notes of advisory committee on 1997 amendments (citation and quotation marks omitted). Johnson's conduct was no less abhorrent and no less offensive to "the heart of the system of justice itself" because she procured the unavailability of witnesses against Honken rather than against herself. Moreover, applying Rule 804(b)(6) in Johnson's case is consonant with the equitable rationales for the forfeiture by wrongdoing doctrine, which includes preventing individuals from profiting from their own wrongdoing. Gray, 405 F.3d at 242 (collecting cases and observing that "federal cases have recognized that the forfeiture-by-wrongdoing exception is necessary to prevent wrongdoers from profiting by their misconduct"). We also observe that in conspiracy cases, witnesses' cooperation with the government threatens not only the liberty of the particular conspirators against whom the witness may testify, but the viability of the conspiracy as a whole; and an investigation or prosecution that might start with one conspirator may result in charges being levied against other conspirators as well. In sum, it would make little sense in a case such as this to parse the forfeiture doctrine as finely as Johnson proposes. We conclude that the district court reasonably found by a preponderance of the evidence that Johnson had forfeited her confrontation and hearsay objections to the admission of statements by Nicholson and DeGeus.17 11. Commentary on Johnson's post-arrest, post-Miranda warnings silence During the government's merits-phase closing arguments, one of the prosecutors argued that if Johnson had been tricked by Honken into participating in the murders, as she essentially claimed, she would have said so when she spoke about the murders with various individuals. The prosecutor also displayed a chart during closing argument that read as follows: Gaubatz: no claim of innocence McNeese: no claim of innocence Bramow: no claim of innocence S. Johnson & W. Jacobson: no claim of innocence Baca: no claim of innocence Hoover: no claim of innocence Yager: no claim of innocence Johnson contends that the prosecutor's remarks and his use of the chart was tantamount to improper commentary on her failure to testify and on her post-arrest silence. We disagree. We cannot see how any of the prosecutor's remarks could be reasonably interpreted as a comment on Johnson's decision to not testify. Johnson asserts that the prosecutor's remarks implied that Johnson was under an obligation to proclaim her innocence, but that plainly was not what the prosecutor was arguing.

The prosecutor was contending instead that the jury could infer, relying on its common sense understanding of human motivations, that if Johnson had been duped by Honken, she would have stressed that detail when she spoke with others about the crimes. As for the chart, we do not believe that it constitutes either a direct or indirect comment on Johnson's failure to testify. Cf. Graham v. Dormire, 212 F.3d 437, 439 (8th Cir. 2000) (stating that a prosecutor may not directly comment on a defendant's failure to testify and that an indirect comment is impermissible if it manifests "the prosecutor's intent to call attention to a defendant's failure to testify or would be naturally and necessarily taken by a jury as a comment on the defendant's failure to testify").

Nor was there improper commentary on Johnson's post-arrest silence.

Ordinarily, a defendant's post-arrest, post-Miranda warnings silence may not be used against her. Doyle v. Ohio, 426 U.S. 610, 619-20 (1976). The reasons for this rule are two-fold: 1) such silence may be nothing more than an arrestee's exercise of her constitutional rights; and 2) because the Miranda warnings carry an "implicit assurance" that an arrestee's silence will not be used against her, using her silence would unfairly penalize her for relying on these assurances. United States v. Frazier, 408 F.3d 1102, 1110 (8th Cir. 2005) (citing Doyle, 426 U.S. at 617-18), cert. denied, 126 S. Ct. 1165 (2006). We have observed, however, that the "`privilege against compulsory self-incrimination is simply irrelevant to a citizen's decision to remain silent when [s]he is under no official compulsion to speak.'" Frazier, 408 F.3d at 1110 (quoting Jenkins v. Anderson, 447 U.S. 231, 241 (1980) (Stevens, J., concurring)). In other words, "in determining whether the privilege [to remain silent] is applicable, the question is whether petitioner was in a position to have his testimony compelled and then asserted his privilege, not simply whether he was silent." Jenkins, 447 U.S. at 244 (Stevens, J., concurring). Thus, we concluded in Frazier that testimony regarding a defendant's post-arrest, pre-Miranda silence does not necessarily constitute a Doyle violation because the mere fact of arrest does not itself give rise to a "government-imposed compulsion to speak" triggering the assertion of an arrestee's Fifth Amendment privilege. Frazier, 408 F.3d at 1111. Here, Johnson's silence was not an exercise of her privilege to remain silent because she was under no official compulsion against which such a privilege would be asserted. Nor is there any reason to believe that Johnson was somehow relying on an implicit assurance by the government that her silence would not be used against her. Cf. Fletcher v. Weir, 455 U.S. 603, 606 (1982) (per curiam) ("[W]e have consistently explained Doyle as a case where the government had induced silence by implicitly assuring the defendant that his silence would not be used against him."). In sum, as the district court observed, "Johnson has not shown how, when, or why her right to remain silent had attached as to any of these witnesses." Johnson, 403 F. Supp. 2d at 828.18 12. Merits-phase jury instructions Johnson's next claim of error concerns the district court's instructions to the jury pertaining to the merits phase of the trial.

Johnson contends that the district court should have given her proposed jury instruction informing the jury that a mere buyer-seller relationship between Honken and others was not sufficient to show that Honken managed or supervised these individuals. We disagree. The district court's instructions informed the jury that the prosecution was required to prove "that Dustin Honken exerted some type of influence over five or more other persons, as shown by these individuals' compliance with his directions, instructions, or terms for performing the activities of the CCE." We believe that these instructions adequately stated the law, as they largely tracked our description of the management element in Possick. 849 F.2d at 336. Moreover, the instructions gave Johnson room to argue that a mere buyer-seller relationship between Honken and others would be insufficient to make Honken a manager or supervisor over these individuals.19 Johnson also alleges various defects in the instructions relating to the predicate CCE offenses. Her principal complaint is that the articulation of several of these offenses, which tracks the language of the indictment, is so vague that it violated her right to a unanimous verdict on the predicate offenses underlying the CCE. The 19 It bears mention that a buyer-seller instruction based on Prieskorn, 658 F.2d at 636, was not warranted in this case because the drug relationship between Honken and the two dealers involved multiple transactions and large quantities of drugs rather than a single transaction involving an amount consistent with personal use. See United States v. Cordova, 157 F.3d 587, 597 (8th Cir. 1998) (buyer-seller instruction properly rejected in a conspiracy case where there was a large quantity of drugs and a significant amount of interaction between defendants and dealers over an extended period of time). district court concluded that all of her complaints about the instructions as they pertain to the CCE predicates essentially reiterate objections to the indictment that it had already deemed waived as untimely. Johnson, 403 F. Supp. 2d at 837. In any case, the instructions provide that each predicate offense must be found unanimously.

Johnson appears to be contending that because several of the offenses were alleged to have occurred on unknown dates over an extended period of time, the jurors may have reached different conclusions regarding some of the facts underlying these offenses. Jurors may, however, differ on such "underlying brute facts" as long as they attain unanimity that a particular predicate offense occurred. Cf. Richardson v. United States, 526 U.S. 813, 817 (1999) (noting the distinction between elements of the offense and the underlying facts of the offense). In a trial for a crime requiring the threat of force, for example, jurors could differ on whether a defendant used a knife or a firearm so long as they reached unanimity that the required element had been met.

Id. Finally, even if the first seven alleged predicates about which Johnson complains were defective, the jury found five other offenses, thus rendering harmless any error.

We have considered Johnson's other allegations regarding the merits-phase jury instructions and conclude that they lack merit.

13. Johnson's eligibility for the death penalty

Johnson contends that she was not eligible for the death penalty for the murders of Lori Duncan or DeGeus because there was insufficient evidence that she personally committed the murders in a manner that involved torture or serious physical abuse.20 She also contends that she was not eligible for the death penalty for Lori Duncan's 20 One of the statutory aggravating factors the jury considered in the eligibility phase was whether "[t]he defendant committed the offense in an especially heinous, cruel, or depraved manner in that it involved torture or serious physical abuse to the victim." 21U.S.C. § 848(n)(12) (2005). murder because the evidence was insufficient to demonstrate that Lori Duncan's murder involved torture or serious physical abuse.

Johnson does not challenge on appeal the instructions the district court gave on the statutory aggravating factors, and she provides no authority for her suggestion that this aggravating factor required her to personally commit the murders. The instructions required the jury to find that Johnson "committed the offense in question in an especially heinous, cruel, or depraved manner in that it involved torture or serious physical abuse of the victim." Although Johnson may not have pulled the trigger, the jury was warranted in concluding that her conduct "involved" the "torture or serious physical abuse" required to find this enhancement.21 As for Lori Duncan's murder specifically, in addition to the "prolonged mental harm"22 that this young mother undoubtably suffered as she and her children were forcibly taken from their home, there was evidence that she had been bound and gagged, had suffered fractures to her pelvic bone and left hand, and had suffered at least one gunshot wound more than necessary to end her life. The evidence thus establishes both torture and serious physical abuse. 14. Admission of Steven Vest's testimony During the selection phase, the district court allowed Steven Vest, who had been incarcerated with Honken, to testify to statements that Honken had made to Vest about the murders. Johnson argues that the admission of Vest's testimony violated her rights under the Confrontation Clause, that his statements were constitutionally unreliable, and that the probative value of Vest's testimony was outweighed by its potential for unfair prejudice. We disagree.

First, the admission of Vest's statements did not violate Johnson's confrontation rights. The Confrontation Clause bars the "`admission of testimonial statements of a witness who did not appear at trial unless he was unavailable to testify, and the defendant had had a prior opportunity for cross-examination.'" Davis v. Washington, 126 S. Ct. 2266, 2273 (2006) (quoting Crawford v. Washington, 541 U.S. 36, 53-54 (2004)). Only testimonial statements implicate a defendant's confrontation rights.

Crawford, 541 U.S. at 53-54. Testimonial statements typically include "`solemn declaration[s] or affirmation[s] made for the purpose of establishing or proving some fact.'" Crawford, 541 U.S. at 51 (quoting 2 N. Webster, An American Dictionary of the English Language (1828)). Although the Supreme Court has not provided a comprehensive definition of the phrase "testimonial," and the outer boundaries of the term have yet to be established, we conclude that Honken's remarks fall safely outside the scope of testimonial hearsay. Honken was not making "formal statement[s]." Id. at 51. Nor were his statements elicited in response to government interrogation whose primary purpose was to establish facts potentially relevant to a criminal prosecution.

See Davis, 126 S. Ct. at 2273-74 (describing testimonial statements made during the course of a police interrogation). In other words, when Honken spoke with Vest he did not "bear testimony," Crawford, 541 U.S. at 51 (citation and quotation marks omitted), in any relevant sense of the term, and the admission of his statements, through Vest's testimony, did not violate Johnson's confrontation rights.23 Second, we do not agree that Vest's testimony was so unreliable that its admission violated Johnson's due process rights. "Due process requires that some minimal indicia of reliability accompany a hearsay statement." United States v. Petty, 982 F.2d 1365, 1369 (9th Cir. 1993). We believe that the testimony met the requisite threshold of reliability. Honken's statements were against his penal interests, his comments dealt primarily with his involvement in the murders rather than Johnson's, and his remarks harmonized with other evidence in the case. Finally, because Johnson put the extent of her involvement in the murders in question, we conclude that this testimony was more probative than prejudicial.

15. The recitation of a poem during the selection phase

Johnson contends that Lori Duncan's brother, Robert Milbrath, should not have been permitted to read during the selection phase24 a short poem written by one of Amber Duncan's childhood friends.25 The government may introduce victim-impact evidence during the penalty phase of a capital trial to demonstrate the "specific harm caused by the defendant," including evidence that shows that the "victim is an individual whose death represents a unique loss to society and in particular to his family." Payne v. Tennessee, 501 U.S. 808 , 825 (1991) (citation and quotation marks omitted). The introduction of evidence describing the emotional loss to the victim's family will violate a defendant's due process rights if "the victim impact evidence introduced is `so unduly prejudicial that it renders the trial fundamentally unfair.'" Nelson, 347 F.3d at 713 (quoting Payne, 501 U.S. at 825).

Johnson asserts that the poem was more appropriate to a funeral than a murder trial, but she does not appear to argue that the sentiments and emotions articulated by the poem were themselves unduly prejudicial or that their impact was somehow magnified by the fact that they were expressed through poetry. Although Milbrath's tearful and emotional reading of the poem was apparently very moving, it merely conveyed the devastation and loss felt by Milbrath and the poem's author. In addition, the government presented only six family members to offer victim-impact testimony, the testimony lasted less than two hours, and Johnson's own selection-phase evidence featured more witnesses and took twice as many trial days. The fact that the government did not present an undue amount of victim-impact evidence and that Johnson presented significant mitigation evidence, lessened any potential for undue prejudice the poem may have had. See Nelson, 347 F.3d at 713-14 (noting that the evidence and argument concerning aggravating factors that had not been considered during the eligibility phase and on mitigating factors.

25 The poem reads as follows: "She was only six when she left on a picnic.

Then the theft. She never would be able to get to the age of seven, for she was shot, sent to heaven. I never got to say good-bye. The nights I was scared, those nights I'd cry wishing to see her face again, wishing that it would have never been. For my dear friend, I loved her so. I never wanted her to go. Only five and not aware of what would be ahead. Oh, what a scare. Amber isn't just a color. She was my best friend." government presented only six victim-impact witnesses, that its presentation occupied only 101 of 1100 pages of trial transcript, and that the defendant was able to present a substantial amount of mitigation evidence).

16. The selection-phase verdict forms

Johnson alleges that the verdict forms were erroneous and fatally defective because they required the jury to either unanimously agree to a death sentence or unanimously agree to a life sentence, whereas the law provides that a life sentence will be imposed if any juror votes for life. She also argues that the verdict forms contradict the district court's accurate jury instructions on this topic. Because Johnson did not object to the forms, we review them for plain error. United States v. Martinson, 419 F.3d 749, 753-54 (8th Cir. 2005).

The verdict forms do not expressly mention unanimity with respect to the final verdict. Instead, the forms refer the jurors to two of the district court's final selectionphase instructions, one of which states that if any one juror finds that death is not justified for a particular count, the court will impose a sentence of life imprisonment without the possibility of parole on that count. Two other instructions given to the jury -- but not referenced on the verdict form themselves -- convey the same information. The jurors were thus correctly informed that unanimity was required for a death sentence, but not for a sentence imposing life in prison. There was no plain error.

17. The government's selection-phase closing argument

Johnson contends that one of the prosecutors made several improper comments during the selection-phase closing arguments. She argues that the prosecutor mischaracterized the law pertaining to mitigating factors, that he improperly attempted to minimize the jurors' sense of responsibility for deciding Johnson's fate, that he took improper advantage of the jurors' sympathy for the victims, and that he denigrated the mitigating factor regarding the victims' consent to the course of conduct resulting in their deaths. Because Johnson raised a contemporaneous objection to only one of the comments, we will review the majority of the assertedly improper remarks for plain error and "we will only reverse under exceptional circumstances." United States v. Mullins, 446 F.3d 750, 758 (8th Cir. 2006) (quoting United States v. Eldridge, 984 F.2d 943, 947 (8th Cir. 1993)). Because Johnson did object to the prosecutor's comments about the "victims' consent" mitigator, we will review for abuse of discretion the district court's denial of Johnson's objection to the prosecutor's remarks on that subject. United States v. Samples, 456 F.3d 875, 886 (8th Cir. 2006), cert. denied, 127 S. Ct. 1162 (2007). Our inquiry turns on whether the prosecutor's remarks were improper and, if they were, whether the remarks so "infected the trial with unfairness as to make the resulting [death sentences] a denial of due process." Darden v. Wainwright, 477 U.S. 168, 181 (1986) (quoting Donnelly v. DeChristoforo, 416 U.S. 637, 643 (1974)).

Johnson's first contention concerns the prosecutor's remarks about Johnson's mitigators. The prosecutor argued: The intentional murder of children is an unspeakable evil. It's an evil that cannot be mitigated by any evidence. None of the defendant's mitigators can take away what she did and her involvement in killing those children. Somebody involved in the murder of children deserves the death penalty.

Johnson suggests that the prosecutor was improperly arguing that "mitigating factors did not apply in this context." We disagree. The prosecutor was not arguing that the jurors could choose to ignore the mitigators or exclude them from consideration, but rather that they were insufficient to outweigh the gravity of the offense. As we have already noted, as long as the jurors are not told to ignore or disregard mitigators, a prosecutor may argue, based on the circumstances of the case, that they are entitled to little or no weight.26 Johnson also takes issue with the prosecutor's suggestion that by raising her troubled childhood as a mitigating factor, Johnson was attempting to excuse her conduct. Johnson appears to assert that the prosecutor was arguing that Johnson's references to her childhood were an attempt to deny criminal responsibility. We disagree. The prosecutor was arguing instead that she had free will and an opportunity to make the right choices, her difficult childhood notwithstanding. This was permissible. Cf. Bland v. Sirmons, 459 F.3d 999, 1026 (10th Cir. 2006) (holding that prosecutor's reference to some of defendant's mitigators as "excuses" was not misconduct), cert. denied, 127 S. Ct. 2117 (2007).

Johnson asserts next that the prosecutor diminished the jurors' sense of responsibility for the verdict by stating, "And if you choose the death penalty, you 26 We do note, however, that the prosecutor's choice of words was infelicitous.

While he had probably meant to argue only that Johnson's mitigators did not outweigh the heinousness of the children's murders, his remarks, if they were taken out of context, could be taken to suggest that the mitigation evidence was intended to diminish the horror of the killings or Johnson's involvement therein. At least some of the mitigating factors, however, such as Johnson's relationship with her daughters or her potential for leading a productive life in prison, were intended to provide reasons for mercy despite the gravity of the offense, rather than to "take away" Johnson's involvement in the crime or portray the murders as any less evil. "`The question is not whether evidence in mitigation makes the defendant any less guilty, or the crime any less horrible, but whether it provides a reason why, despite those things, the defendant should not die.'" Le v. Mullin, 311 F.3d 1002, 1017 (10th Cir. 2002) (per curiam) (quoting Le v. Oklahoma, 947 P.2d 535, 555 (Okla. Crim. App. 1997)). Although the prosecutor's comments may have been somewhat imprecise, we do not believe that the comments, taken in their full context, were likely to confuse the jury ­ particularly in light of the fact that Johnson's counsel reminded them that the nature of the crime was only one consideration in determining the penalty and that they were to consider the offender as well as the offense. choose it as a group. It doesn't rest on the shoulders of any one of you." He also remarked that "[t]here's courage in numbers." These comments were not improper.

While "it is constitutionally impermissible to rest a death sentence on a determination made by a sentencer who has been led to believe that the responsibility for determining the appropriateness of the defendant's death rests elsewhere," such as an appellate court, Caldwell v. Mississippi, 472 U.S. 320, 328-29 (1985), that was not what the prosecutor was doing here. The prosecutor was instead reposing the responsibility upon the jury, where it belonged. Furthermore, while the prosecutor emphasized the collective nature of jury deliberations and the fact that a verdict of death could not be returned unless the jury as a whole determined that it was appropriate, the prosecutor also acknowledged that the decision to vote for death would also have to be made by the jurors individually.

Johnson argues further that the prosecutor improperly encouraged the jury to impose the death penalty based on sympathy for the victims. During closing arguments, Johnson's counsel attempted to underscore the gravity of a life sentence, essentially contending that Johnson had a long time left to live and that with each passing year Johnson would miss various milestones and events in the life of her family, knowing that she had only herself to blame. The prosecutor responded to this argument during rebuttal by remarking that ten, twenty, and thirty years from now, the victims would still be dead and Kandi and Amber would still be ten and six-years old.

The prosecutor also added, "No matter how small Angela Johnson's cell may be, it's going to be larger than the coffin that Amber and Kandi Duncan are laying [sic] in now." These remarks strayed over the line. Although the government was entitled to respond to Johnson's portrait of a miserable thirty years behind bars, it should not have used the victims' plights to do so. See Bland, 459 F.3d at 1028 ("[I]t is prosecutorial misconduct for the prosecution to compare the plight of [a murder] victim with the life of the defendant in prison."). As Johnson notes, the prosecutor's comments closely resemble remarks the Tenth Circuit criticized in Le, 311 F.3d at 1014-15. In that case, the prosecutor stated that the following year the defendant would be one year older, but the victim would remain "34 years old from now until eternity. He will always be 34." Id. Later, the prosecutor said, "Defense counsel has asked you to sentence [sic] a punishment of life imprisonment or life without parole, but do you really think that justice would be done if this man goes to prison, gets three meals a day and a clean bed every night and regular visits from his family while Hai Nguyen lays cold in his grave[?]" Id. at 1015. The prosecutor's comments in this case, like those in Le, went beyond the bounds of permissible argument.

Nevertheless, because the senseless and unspeakably brutal deaths of the two small children would naturally and inevitably evoke deep sympathy from the jury, those brief comments were not likely to evoke to any further appreciable degree the jury's sympathy for the victims. See Walker v. Gibson, 228 F.3d 1217, 1243 (10th Cir. 2000) (concluding that although the prosecutor encouraged the jury to base its decision on sympathy for the victim, sympathy would have been engendered by the nature of the crime, even without the prosecutor's unfortunate remarks). We therefore conclude that the remarks, while questionable, did not infect the selection phase of Johnson's trial with unfairness and were not significant enough to constitute plain error.

Finally, Johnson argues that the prosecutor improperly "denigrated" the mitigating factor associated with the victims' consent. This mitigating factor required the jury to determine whether "two victims, Greg Nicholson and Terry DeGeus, consented to the conduct, methamphetamine manufacturing and distribution, that significantly contributed to the circumstances of their deaths." The prosecutor argued that, through this mitigating factor, Johnson was essentially attempting to blame Nicholson and DeGeus for their demise and contended, "They were murdered because they were witnesses, not because they were involved in the drug trade." The prosecutor thus did not "denigrate" the mitigator, but in essence merely contended that Nicholson's and DeGeus's participation in the drug trade did not significantly contribute to the circumstances of their deaths. In light of the evidence, we cannot say that this was an unfair argument.27 18. Multiplicitous convictions Johnson contends that her convictions for murder while engaging in a conspiracy and her convictions for murder while working in furtherance of a CCE were mutliplicitous. The Supreme Court held in Rutledge v. United States, 517 U.S.

292 (1996), that because a drug conspiracy violation of 21U.S.C. § 846 is a lesser included offense of a CCE violation of 21U.S.C. § 848, a defendant may not be convicted of both offenses. Id. at 306-07. Johnson's convictions for the conspiracy murders and her convictions for the CCE murders are therefore multiplicitous. See United States v. Moore, 149 F.3d 773, 779 (8th Cir. 1998) (noting that the defendant could not be convicted of both conspiracy and CCE murder, but holding that the risk of multiplicitous convictions or punishment was eliminated by a verdict form instructing the jury that they need not consider conspiracy murder charges if they found the defendant guilty of CCE murder). The government does not contest the multiplicitous nature of the charges, arguing instead that Johnson had waived the claim by not raising it in the district court. Because we conclude that the claim was raised sufficiently below and the government has not given us any reason to conclude that the charges were not multiplicitous (as they appear to be), we remand this case so the district court may vacate the conspiracy murder convictions. Cf. Possick, 849 27 There is very little case law interpreting this mitigator. The case most directly on point is United States v. Beckford, 962 F. Supp. 804 (E.D. Va. 1997), which, after noting the paucity of federal law or legislative history on this mitigator, surveys relevant state law and the pertinent section of the Model Penal Code. Id. at 817-21.

Based on this survey, the district court in Beckford concluded that the victim's consent mitigator will usually be relevant in two circumstances: 1) when the defendant and the victim have consented to participate in a highly dangerous activity, such as Russian roulette; or 2) where the victim consents to a mercy killing. Id. at 821.

F.2d at 341(remanding the case to the district court so that it may vacate conspiracy conviction that was a lesser included offense in the CCE conviction).

19. Juror misconduct

Johnson's final claim is that the district court erred in denying her motion for an evidentiary hearing to explore potential juror misconduct. After the trial, Johnson's attorneys were granted leave to contact the jurors "subject to the limits of Rule 606(b) of the Federal Rules of Evidence" and with the understanding that the purpose of contacting the jurors was to help the attorneys try a better case. One of the jurors interviewed by a defense investigator told the investigator that he had visited his son in prison a week before the penalty-phase closing arguments and that he was advised that prisoners serving life sentences are allowed in the general population, whereas those facing the death penalty are kept in solitary confinement. There is no indication that he told the other jurors what he had learned. The juror also said that he had explained to other jurors that Johnson would have three automatic appeals and that the jury's verdict would merely "set the stage" for these appeals. The district court denied Johnson's request for an evidentiary hearing to explore these matters further.

"The district court has broad discretion in managing juror misconduct allegations, and its decision whether to conduct an evidentiary hearing over such allegations will be affirmed absent an abuse of discretion." United States v. Wintermute, 443 F.3d 993, 1002 (8th Cir. 2006) (citing United States v. Vig, 167 F.3d 443, 450 (8th Cir. 1999)). Federal Rule of Evidence 606(b) generally precludes inquiry into intrajury communications. United States v. Caldwell, 83 F.3d 954, 956 (8th Cir. 1996). The two exceptions to the rule permit testimony regarding "extraneous prejudicial information and outside influences brought to bear on the jury." Id. Before a hearing may be granted, however, the moving party should "show[] that outside contact with the jury presents a reasonable possibility of prejudice to the verdict." United States v. Tucker, 137 F.3d 1016, 1030 (8th Cir. 1998).

We conclude that the district court's decision to deny a hearing to explore the juror's prison visit was not an abuse of discretion because we are not persuaded that there was a reasonable possibility that information pertaining to prison conditions for death row or life-in-prison inmates would have affected the jurors' deliberations or prejudiced Johnson's case. Indeed, as the district court noted, Johnson herself introduced evidence pertaining to prison conditions. Johnson, 403 F. Supp. 2d at 887.

We also conclude that inquiry into the remarks concerning Johnson's "automatic" appeals is precluded by Rule 606(b) because, contrary to Johnson's suggestion, the juror's comments were not extraneous information, but merely reflected the juror's understanding of the appellate process, a topic within the range of jurors' common knowledge. Johnson correctly observes that information may be considered extraneous even if it originates with a juror. United States v. Swinton, 75 F.3d 374, 381 (8th Cir. 1996). We have also recognized, however, that "jurors are expected to bring commonly known facts to bear in assessing the facts presented for their consideration." Id.; see also Hard v. Burlington Northern R.R. Co., 870 F.2d 1454, 1461 (9th Cir. 1989) ("The type of after-acquired information that potentially taints a jury verdict should be carefully distinguished from the general knowledge, opinions, feelings, and bias that every juror carries into the jury room."). Just as jurors may be expected to have opinions (sometimes accurate; sometimes poorly conceived) on matters pertaining to everyday life, so too may they be expected to possess some notions regarding the criminal justice system. Most, if not all, of the jurors in Johnson's case might be expected to have acquired some impressions regarding the appellate process. These impressions may be incorrect and taking such opinions into account may even, in some circumstances, be improper, but they are not extraneous. See United States v. Rodriquez, 116 F.3d 1225, 1226-27 (8th Cir. 1997) (noting that although it was improper for the jury to draw adverse inferences from the fact that the defendant did not testify, an evidentiary hearing to inquire into this misconduct was properly denied because the defendant's failure to testify was not extraneous information). We therefore conclude that the district court did not abuse its discretion in precluding further examination of the juror's ill-advised remarks to his fellow jurors.

After careful consideration of the record, the parties' arguments, and the district court's most thorough memorandum opinion, we conclude that Johnson's remaining arguments are unavailing. The case is remanded to the district court so that the court may vacate Johnson's multiplicitous convictions and sentences. In all other respects, we affirm.

*****

3 There was testimony that this kind of weapon would not normally be used for hunting and would be more accurately characterized as an assault weapon.

4 One witness testified that Johnson had told her that Johnson aimed the firearm at DeGeus while Honken beat him.

8 We note that Johnson does not contend that "the trial court deliberately misapplied the law in order to force [her] to use a peremptory challenge to correct the court's error." Martinez-Salazar, 528 U.S. at 316.

9 Jurors may believe themselves precluded from considering relevant mitigation evidence not only as a result of the judge's instructions, "but also as a result of prosecutorial argument dictating that such consideration is forbidden." Abdul-Kabir v. Quarterman, 127 S. Ct. 1654, 1672 n.21 (2007). 10 Because the prosecutor acknowledged during closing argument that Johnson had no prior criminal record, we reject the government's contention on appeal that the closing argument was appropriate because "criminal record" for mitigation purposes also encompasses uncharged criminal conduct.

11 Johnson argues that liability as an aider and abettor is inapplicable to CCE murder. As Johnson appears to recognize, however, all of the cases cited by the parties on this issue have reached the contrary conclusion. See, e.g., United States v. Walker, 142 F.3d 103, 113 (2d Cir. 1998) (concluding that "aider and abettor liability is available" for CCE murder).

12 Johnson also contests Jeff Honken's classification as a CCE participant. There was evidence that Jeff Honken provided money to Honken in exchange for a portion of the drug proceeds, allowed Honken to store equipment in his sheds, and disposed of drug equipment upon Honken's 1994 arrest. This activity suffices to establish Jeff Honken's participation in the CCE under his brother's supervision.

13 We have considered carefully Johnson's other contentions regarding the elements of the CCE murder and conclude that they lack merit.

14 Some of this evidence may have been relevant and admissible for other purposes as well. 15 Johnson also contends, without supporting argument, that the district court erred in failing to give Johnson's proposed jury instructions on subsequent acts. We disagree.

16 We have considered Johnson's other assertions regarding the admission of hearsay in the merits phase and conclude that they lack merit.

17 Johnson asserts that the forfeiture rule is inapplicable because she did not knowingly or intentionally waive her confrontation rights. This argument is unavailing, as courts have consistently concluded that the forfeiture by wrongdoing doctrine rests on the defendant's wrongdoing rather than on a knowing and intelligent waiver. See, e.g, People v. Giles, 152 P.3d 433, 442-43 (Cal. 2007) (explaining that the forfeiture by wrongdoing doctrine is based on forfeiture rather than waiver); State v. Hallum, 606 N.W.2d 351, 355 (Iowa 2000) ("[T]he loss of a defendant's right to object is based on a forfeiture theory because the loss rests on the defendant's misconduct, not on the defendant's relinquishment of a known right.").

18 Doyle may also be inapplicable here because Johnson was not silent about the murders, but elected to speak. See Anderson v. Charles, 447 U.S. 404, 408 (1980) ("Doyle does not apply to cross-examination that merely inquires into prior inconsistent statements. Such questioning makes no unfair use of silence because a defendant who voluntarily speaks after receiving Miranda warnings has not been induced to remain silent."); see also United States v. DeVore, 839 F.2d 1330, 1332 (8th Cir. 1988) ("[A] defendant who chooses to speak after being given proper Miranda warnings and who at trial gives a different account of the same events is subject to cross-examination about the prior statement."). Because we resolve this issue on the basis already stated, we need not explore this possibility further.

21 We note that although there was little evidence that Johnson had directly inflicted any serious physical abuse upon DeGeus, there was testimony that she had aimed the firearm at him while Honken beat him. Accordingly, there was evidence that Johnson not only assisted with the murder, but participated in the serious physical abuse inflicted upon DeGeus as well. 22 The jury was instructed that "torture" includes "prolonged mental harm caused by . . . the threat that another person will be imminently subjected to death, or severe physical pain or suffering." (Eligibility-phase instruction No. 4).

23 The parties sharply dispute whether the Confrontation Clause was applicable to Johnson's selection phase. As the government observes, we have held in the context of a non-capital case that "the confrontation clause does not apply in sentencing proceedings." United States v. Wallace, 408 F.3d 1046, 1048 (8th Cir. 2005) (per curiam), cert. denied, 546 U.S. 1069 (2005). Johnson argues that capital sentencing is different and that a broader range of constitutional rights ­ including confrontation rights ­ apply in capital sentencing proceedings. We need not address this issue, however, because the statements fall outside the scope of the Confrontation Clause. 24 As we noted earlier, after the jury found Johnson guilty of the murders, there was an eligibility phase, in which the jury was asked to determine whether Johnson was eligible for the death penalty, followed by a selection phase, in which the jury was asked to determine whether Johnson was to receive on the various charges a death sentence or a sentence of life in prison. In the selection phase, the parties presented.


SERIAL-KILLER-CALENDAR-this-day-in-serial-killer-history

SERIAL KILLER CALENDAR: THIS DAY IN SERIAL KILLER HISTORY BOOK
PRICE : $19.95

This perfect bound Serial Killer Calendar book includes detailed facts and trivia about serial killers for every day of the year. It also includes the best true crime artwork from around the world.

Want to know what happened today in serial killer history? Its all in this one massive collection of true crime information. This is the perfect gift for any fan of history, murderabelia or the macabre.


 

NEW ISSUE OF SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE!
ISSUE 24 OF THE WORLD FAMOUS SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE IS CHOCK FULL OF RARE INTERVIEWS, ARTICLES, LETTERS, DEATH CERTIFICATE, DOCUMENTS, ART AND MORE.

ISSUES 1 THROUGH 23 OF SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE!
PRICE : $250 (YOU SAVE OVER $100)

SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE is an official release of the talented artists and writers at SerialKillerCalendar.com. It is chock full of artwork, rare documents, FBI files and in depth articles regarding serial murder. It is also packed with unusual trivia, exclusive interviews with the both killers and experts in the field and more information that any other resource available to date. Although the magazine takes this subject very seriously and in no way attempts to glorify the crimes describe in it, it also provides a unique collection of rare treats (including mini biographical comics, crossword puzzles and trivia quizzes). This is truly a one of a kind collectors item for anyone interested in the macabre world of true crime, prison art or the strange world of murderabelia.


 



Serial Killers
 

ARTISTS AND WRITERS AND INTERVIEWERS NEEDED : We are now looking for artists, writers and interviewers to take part in the world famous Serial Killer Magazine. If you are interested in joining our team, contact us at MADHATTERDESIGN@GMAIL.COM

ATTENTION ALL MURDERABELLIA COLLECTORS! : We are now looking for high resolution scans of Serial Killer letters, death certificates, birth certificates and other interesting serial killer Murderabellia to be printed in future issues of Serial Killer Magazine. Anyone who submits high res scans of such items, will get full credit for their contribution. If you are interested, contact us at MADHATTERDESIGN@GMAIL.COM.

TRADE LINKS WITH US : Serialkillercalendar.com is looking to trade links with other websites to help with Search Engine Optimization. We are one of the top true crime websites on the internet and receive a ton of daily traffic. A link exchange would help to improve both of our sites search engine optimization (since search engines like google rank websites higher when they have a lot of external links from other sites). Your text link would be on our homepage (and all 3000+ pages of our website). If anyone is interested or knows someone who might be interested, please contact us at MADHATTERDESIGN@GMAIL.COM.

 
 

THE COMPLETE SET OF SERIAL KILLER TRADING CARDS
PRICE : $99

THE NEW SERIAL KILLER TRADING CARDS ARE HERE! THIS 90 CARD SET FEATURES THE ARTWORK OF 15 OF THE WORLD'S BEST TRUE CRIME ARTISTS AND WILL COME WITH A NUMBERED, SIGNED CERTIFICATE OF AUTHENTICITY FOR EACH SET. WE ARE TAKING ORDERS NOW. THIS SET IS AWESOME. DO NOT MISS OUT!


 

MASSIVE COLLECTION OF 30 EBOOKS
PRICE : $100

THIS MASSIVE COLLECTION OF 30 EBOOKS INCLUDES EVERY PRINT BOOK WE SELL ON SERIALKILLERCALENDAR.COM! THAT MEANS YOU GET PDFS OF: EVERY ISSUE OF SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE, THE COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF ED GEINS CONFESSION, THE COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF RICHARD RAMIREZ’S TRIAL, THE ULTIMATE JOHN WAYNE GACY COLLECTION, THE ULTIMATE SERIAL KILLER INTERVIEW COLLECTION AND THE COMPLETE FBI FILES OF CHARLES MANSON, TED BUNDY, THE BLACK DAHLIA, THE VIRGINIA TECH SHOOTING AND THE COLUMBINE MASSACRE.


 

THE "REAL AMERICAN PSYCHOS" POSTER IS ONE OF OUR FAVORITES. LIMITED TO JUST 1000 PRINTS, WE ARE ALMOST OUT OF THESE AMAZING POSTERS. WE BELIEVE THAT THIS IS THE ONLY KNOWN COMMERCIALLY PRODUCED WORK THAT CAME FROM A REAL KILLER IN A REAL PRISON. THE IMAGES WERE DONE BY NICO CLAUX (WHO HAS SINCE CHANGED NAME) WHILE SERVING TIME FOR HIS CRIMES. HE IS LEGITIMATELY GIFTED AND IT SHOWS IN HIS WORK. WE HAVE A GOOD HANDFUL THAT ARE FRAMED AND FEW ACTUALLY SIGNED BY NICO HIMSELF. IF YOU ARE INTERESTED IN THOSE, PLEASE CONTACT US AT MADHATTERDESIGN@GMAIL.COM FOR MORE INFO. THIS IS AN AWESOME PIECE AND A MUST HAVE FOR ANY COLLECTION.



THE WORLD FAMOUS SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE

SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE is an official release of the talented artists and writers at SerialKillerCalendar.com. It is chock full of artwork, rare documents, FBI files and in depth articles regarding serial murder. It is also packed with unusual trivia, exclusive interviews with the both killers and experts in the field and more information that any other resource available to date. Although the magazine takes this subject very seriously and in no way attempts to glorify the crimes describe in it, it also provides a unique collection of rare treats (including mini biographical comics, crossword puzzles and trivia quizzes). This is truly a one of a kind collectors item for anyone interested in the macabre world of true crime, prison art or the strange world of murderabelia.


NEW ISSUE OF SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE!

ISSUE 24 OF THE WORLD FAMOUS SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE IS CHOCK FULL OF RARE INTERVIEWS, ARTICLES, LETTERS, DEATH CERTIFICATE, DOCUMENTS, ART AND MORE.

ISSUE 23 OF THE WORLD FAMOUS SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE IS CHOCK FULL OF RARE INTERVIEWS, ARTICLES, LETTERS, DEATH CERTIFICATE, DOCUMENTS, ART AND MORE.


ISSUE 22 OF THE WORLD FAMOUS SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE IS CHOCK FULL OF RARE INTERVIEWS, ARTICLES, LETTERS, DEATH CERTIFICATE, DOCUMENTS, ART AND MORE.

ISSUE 21 OF THE WORLD FAMOUS SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE IS CHOCK FULL OF RARE INTERVIEWS, ARTICLES, LETTERS, DEATH CERTIFICATE, DOCUMENTS, ART AND MORE.

ISSUE TWENTY OF THE WORLD FAMOUS SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE IS CHOCK FULL OF RARE INTERVIEWS, ARTICLES, LETTERS, DEATH CERTIFICATE, DOCUMENTS, ARTWORK, TRIVIA AND MUCH MORE.

ISSUE NINETEEN OF THE WORLD FAMOUS SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE IS CHOCK FULL OF RARE INTERVIEWS, ARTICLES, LETTERS, DEATH CERTIFICATE, DOCUMENTS, ARTWORK, TRIVIA AND MUCH MORE.

ISSUE EIGHTEEN OF THE WORLD FAMOUS SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE IS CHOCK FULL OF RARE INTERVIEWS, ARTICLES, LETTERS, DEATH CERTIFICATE, DOCUMENTS, ARTWORK, TRIVIA AND MUCH MORE.

ISSUE SEVENTEEN OF THE WORLD FAMOUS SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE IS CHOCK FULL OF RARE INTERVIEWS, ARTICLES, LETTERS, DEATH CERTIFICATE, DOCUMENTS, ARTWORK, TRIVIA AND MUCH MORE.

ISSUE SIXTEEN OF THE WORLD FAMOUS SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE IS CHOCK FULL OF RARE INTERVIEWS, ARTICLES, LETTERS, DEATH CERTIFICATE, DOCUMENTS, ARTWORK, TRIVIA AND MUCH MORE.

ISSUE FIFTEEN OF THE WORLD FAMOUS SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE IS CHOCK FULL OF RARE INTERVIEWS, ARTICLES, LETTERS, DEATH CERTIFICATE, DOCUMENTS, ARTWORK, TRIVIA AND MUCH MORE.

ISSUE FOURTEEN OF THE WORLD FAMOUS SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE IS CHOCK FULL OF RARE INTERVIEWS, ARTICLES, LETTERS, DEATH CERTIFICATE, DOCUMENTS, ARTWORK, TRIVIA AND MUCH MORE.

ISSUE THIRTEEN OF THE WORLD FAMOUS SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE IS CHOCK FULL OF RARE INTERVIEWS, ARTICLES, LETTERS, DEATH CERTIFICATE, DOCUMENTS, ARTWORK, TRIVIA AND MUCH MORE.

ISSUE TWELVE OF THE WORLD FAMOUS SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE IS CHOCK FULL OF RARE INTERVIEWS, ARTICLES, LETTERS, DEATH CERTIFICATE, DOCUMENTS, ARTWORK, TRIVIA AND MUCH MORE.

ISSUE ELEVEN OF THE WORLD FAMOUS SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE IS CHOCK FULL OF RARE INTERVIEWS, ARTICLES, LETTERS, DEATH CERTIFICATE, DOCUMENTS, ARTWORK, TRIVIA AND MUCH MORE.

ISSUE TEN OF THE WORLD FAMOUS SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE IS CHOCK FULL OF RARE INTERVIEWS, ARTICLES, LETTERS, DEATH CERTIFICATE, DOCUMENTS, ARTWORK, TRIVIA AND MUCH MORE.

ISSUE NINE OF THE WORLD FAMOUS SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE IS CHOCK FULL OF RARE INTERVIEWS, ARTICLES, LETTERS, DEATH CERTIFICATE, DOCUMENTS, ARTWORK, TRIVIA AND MUCH MORE.

ISSUE EIGHT OF THE WORLD FAMOUS SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE IS CHOCK FULL OF RARE INTERVIEWS, ARTICLES, LETTERS, DEATH CERTIFICATE, DOCUMENTS, ARTWORK, TRIVIA AND MUCH MORE.

ISSUE SEVEN OF THE WORLD FAMOUS SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE IS CHOCK FULL OF RARE INTERVIEWS, ARTICLES, LETTERS, DEATH CERTIFICATE, DOCUMENTS, ARTWORK, TRIVIA AND MUCH MORE.

>ISSUE SIX OF THE WORLD FAMOUS SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE IS CHOCK FULL OF RARE INTERVIEWS, ARTICLES, LETTERS, DEATH CERTIFICATE, DOCUMENTS, ARTWORK, TRIVIA AND MUCH MORE.

ISSUE FIVE OF THE WORLD FAMOUS SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE IS CHOCK FULL OF RARE INTERVIEWS, ARTICLES, LETTERS, DEATH CERTIFICATE, DOCUMENTS, ARTWORK, TRIVIA AND MUCH MORE.

ISSUE FOUR OF THE WORLD FAMOUS SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE IS CHOCK FULL OF RARE INTERVIEWS, ARTICLES, LETTERS, DEATH CERTIFICATE, DOCUMENTS, ARTWORK, TRIVIA AND MUCH MORE.

ISSUE THREE OF THE WORLD FAMOUS SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE IS CHOCK FULL OF RARE INTERVIEWS, ARTICLES, LETTERS, DEATH CERTIFICATE, DOCUMENTS, ARTWORK, TRIVIA AND MUCH MORE.

ISSUE TWO OF THE WORLD FAMOUS SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE IS CHOCK FULL OF RARE INTERVIEWS, ARTICLES, LETTERS, DEATH CERTIFICATE, DOCUMENTS, ARTWORK, TRIVIA AND MUCH MORE.

ISSUE ONE OF THE WORLD FAMOUS SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE IS CHOCK FULL OF RARE INTERVIEWS, ARTICLES, LETTERS, DEATH CERTIFICATE, DOCUMENTS, ARTWORK, TRIVIA AND MUCH MORE.

ULTIMATE SERIAL KILLER COLLECTIONS

THIS MASSIVE 8.5 X 11 PERFECT BOUND BOOK CONTAINS OVER 300 PAGES OF RARE INTERVIEWS, LETTERS, DOCUMENTS, TRANSCRIPTS AND ARTWORK FROM HISTORIES MOST NOTORIOUS KILLERS.

THIS MASSIVE 8.5 X 11 PERFECT BOUND BOOK CONTAINS OVER 150 PAGES OF RARE INTERVIEWS, LETTERS, DOCUMENTS, TRANSCRIPTS, ART AND ARTICLES ABOUT SERIAL KILLER, RICHARD RAMIREZ (AKA THE NIGHTSTALKER).

THIS MASSIVE 8.5 X 11 PERFECT BOUND BOOK CONTAINS OVER 150 PAGES OF RARE INTERVIEWS, LETTERS, DOCUMENTS, TRANSCRIPTS, ART AND ARTICLES ABOUT SERIAL KILLER, JOHN WAYNE GACY.

GIANT PERFECT BOUND TRANSCRIPTS

THIS MASSIVE 8.5 X 11 PERFECT BOUND BOOK CONTAINS THE COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF SERIAL KILLER EDWARD GEIN'S CONFESSION. OVER 220 PAGES OF RARE POLICE DOCUMENTS.

THIS MASSIVE 8.5 X 11 PERFECT BOUND BOOK CONTAINS THE COMPLETE TRIAL TRANSCRIPT OF SERIAL KILLER, RICHARD RAMIREZ (AKA "THE NIGHTSTALKER"). OVER 110 PAGES OF RARE COURT DOCUMENTS.

COMPLETE FBI FILES IN GIANT PERFECT BOUND BOOKS

THIS PERFECT BOUND BOOK INCLUDES THE COMPLETE FBI FILE OF CHARLES MANSON. IT ALSO INCLUDES ALL THE COMPLETE HOMICIDE REPORTS OF THE MANSON FAMILY MURDERS.

THIS MASSIVE PERFECT BOUND BOOK INCLUDES THE COMPLETE FBI FILE OF THE BLACK DAHLIA MURDERS. THIS IS THE PERFECT GIFT FOR ANY COLLECTOR.

THIS MASSIVE PERFECT BOUND BOOK INCLUDES THE COMPLETE FBI FILE OF THE THE COLUMBINE HIGHSCHOOL MASSACRE. THIS IS THE PERFECT GIFT FOR ANY COLLECTOR.

THIS MASSIVE PERFECT BOUND BOOK INCLUDES THE COMPLETE FBI FILE OF THE VIRGINIA TECH SHOOTING. THIS IS THE PERFECT GIFT FOR ANY COLLECTOR.

THIS 178 PAGE PERFECT BOUND BOOK INCLUDES THE COMPLETE UNABRIDGED FBI FILE OF SERIAL KILLER, TED BUNDY. IT ALSO INCLUDES EXCLUSIVE TED BUNDY ARTICLES, INTERVIEWS, ARTWORK, RARE DOCUMENTS AND MUCH MORE.

RARE DVD FOOTAGE OF KILLERS AND CULT LEADERS

Ted Bundy, was one of the world's most vile and sadistic killers. He claimed never to commit these crimes however until weeks before he was executed. This DVD includes the two very rare last interviews where Bundy spills the beans and tells all. With amazing cover art by Johnny machine!

PRICE : $10

 

This DVD includes hours of rare and lost footage of the Son of Sam, David Berkowitz (including the rare interview where David Berkowitz admits that he was not alone in the killings and his connection to a satanic cult)!

PRICE : $10

 

This is an ultra rare DVD containing footage of serial killer John Wayne Gacy (AKA Pogo The Killer Clown). Contained on this amazing DVD is over an hour of unedited, uncut raw video taken by the Chicago Police in 1978 while they dug for bodies in Gacy’s house.

PRICE : $10

 

This is a rare collection of local news report when Richard "The Night Stalker" Ramirez was captured by an angry mob wanting justice, Richard was one of the most violent serial killers that ever lived and left many people dead or severely impared from his violent killing spree.

PRICE : $10

 

This is a rare collection of local news footage and interviews with Richard "The Night Stalker" Ramirez.

PRICE : $10

 

This is the full 90 minute interview between Stone Philips and Jeffery Dahmer. Pretty wild stuff.

PRICE : $10

 

This is a rare collection of local news reports and interviews of serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer during the 1990s.

PRICE : $10

 

This DVD includes hours of rare and lost footage of Jeffrey Dahmer.

PRICE : $10

 

This DVD includes over an hour of hard to find footage taken during the Jeffrey Dahmer trial. You will see evidence, witnesses, angry family members and Jeffrey Dahmer himself take the stand. This is a must have for any true collector of the strange and macabre.

PRICE : $10

 

Produced in 1996, this rare home video marks one of the most bizarre points of athlete, actor and suspected murderer OJ Simpson’s life. Apparently OJ was frustrated that everybody thought he was guilty, so he produced this video in order to clear his name.

PRICE : $10

 

Known as the "Bedroom Basher," serial rapist Gerald Parker thought he had gotten away with murder until DNA testing linked him to the murder of five women and an unborn child in Orange County, California. Police and Navy officials believe Gerald might be responsible for even more killings.

PRICE : $10

 

Known as the "Bedroom Basher," serial rapist Gerald Parker thought he had gotten away with murder until DNA testing linked him to the murder of five women and an unborn child in Orange County, California. Police and Navy officials believe Gerald might be responsible for even more killings.

PRICE : $10

 

This is an ultra rare DVD containing footage of the standoff at Waco Texas. They are best known for the 1993 siege of their Center near Waco, Texas, by the ATF and the FBI, which resulted in the deaths of 76 of the church's members, including head figure David Koresh.

PRICE : $10

 

This DVD is the very rare Heavens Gate initiation tape that Marshall Applewhite used to collect new members to the UFO cult and convince them to ultimately castrate themselves and drink a Jim Jones cocktail. This DVD is hours of creepy cult craziness.

PRICE : $10

 

RARE DATA DVDS OF KILLERS AND CULT LEADERS

This amazing data dvd contains thousands of pages of documents regarding serial killers Henry Lee Lucas and ottis Toole along with over an hour of rare video files. Among the many scans and original documents on this dvd are the complete trial transcripts, interviews, police reports, photos, parole hearing transcripts and much much more!

PRICE : $10

 

This is the very rare FBI Files DVD. Thanks to the Freedom of Information Act, we are proud to present you with this amazing Data DVD which includes over 100 rare and newly declassified FBI Files on some of the most interesting people, groups and events in world history. These files can be viewed on any computer and are perfect for printing.

PRICE : $10

 

RARE DVD FOOTAGE OF MANSON & THE FAMILY

This DVD includes the 1985 interview that Charles Manson did with Nuell Emmons at the Vacaville medical center. This dvd also includes several other hard to find Manson family interviews as a bonus. The DVD is over an hour long.

PRICE : $10

 

This is the very rare FBI Files DVD. Thanks to the Freedom of Information Act, we are proud to present you with this amazing Data DVD which includes over 100 rare and newly declassified FBI Files on some of the most interesting people, groups and events in world history. These files can be viewed on any computer and are perfect for printing.

PRICE : $10

 

Rare Charles Manson Interview

PRICE : $10

 

Anyone who has seen the episode of Geraldo with Charles Manson knows that something didn't seem right. Well what Geraldo didn't count on is the fact that the prison staff had their own camera filming the entire interview! This is the uncut tape from the prison camera, see what really happened!

PRICE : $10

 

Rare Charles Manson Interview

PRICE : $10

 

Female Tabloid reporter Penny Daniels interviews Manson.

PRICE : $10

 

Ron Reagan interviews Charles Manson

PRICE : $10

 

This is the full interview between Charlie Manson and Charlie Rose.

PRICE : $10

 

This is the complete uncut interview shown in Charles Manson Superstar.

PRICE : $10

 

This is the full interview between Charlie Manson and Tom Snyder. It has been said that this interview was the inspiration for much of the prison interview at the end of Natural Born Killers. This is trulyu one of Manson's best interviews and a must have for any crime history collector.

PRICE : $10

 

Charles Manson 1980's Interviews With Tom Snyder, Penny Daniels, Charlie Rose, Nuel Emmons, Geraldo Rivera. This DVD is approx. 4 hr 20 mins Interesting, Great Research Material.

PRICE : $10

 

Unedited footage of the entire interview Leslie Van Houten gave in 1977 after she was granted a re-trial (she eventually was convicted after a third trial in 1978: 7 years to life.) conducted inside the prison. Unique material.

PRICE : $10

 

Rare 1993 interview with Manson family member Patricia Krenwinkel

PRICE : $10

 

This DVD contains the first 2 hours of 4 hours of raw footage of KTLA from the UCLA archives.

PRICE : $10

 

This DVD contains the second 2 hours of 4 hours of raw footage of KTLA from the UCLA archives.

PRICE : $10

 

This DVD contains the first 2 hours of 4 hours of footage from the NBC 2 archives. This volume contains raw footage of newscasts throughout the 1970s up to 1994.

PRICE : $10

 

This DVD contains the second 2 hours of 4 hours of footage from the NBC 2 archives. This volume contains raw footage of newscasts throughout the 1970s up to 1994.

PRICE : $10

 

This DVD contains raw footage from the CNN archives.

PRICE : $10

 

This DVD includes very rare parole hearing footage from almost a decade of Charles Mansons Parole Hearings. This is truly a collector’s item for anyone interested in true crime.

PRICE : $10

 

This DVD is a crazy cut up film put together in the 80s featuring a bunch of Charles Manson's rants. Also features rare Manson TV footage of the 70s trail.

PRICE : $10

 

This is the 1992 Parole Hearing of Charles Manson.

PRICE : $10

 

This is the 1997 Parole Hearing of Charles Manson.

PRICE : $10

 

This is the 2007 Parole Hearing of Charles Manson.

PRICE : $10

 

This DVD includes hours of rare and lost footage of the Manson family. On this DVD you will find an amazing collection of parole hearings, home videos, interviews, news clips and hard to find raw footage not found anywhere else!

PRICE : $10

 

This DVD includes the very rare 1990 parole hearing of Manson Family killer, PATRICIA KRENWINKEL. This is truly a collector’s item for anyone interested in true

PRICE : $10

 

This DVD includes the very rare 1997 parole hearing of Manson Family killer, PATRICIA KRENWINKEL. This is truly a collector’s item for anyone interested in true crime.

PRICE : $10

 

This is the 1991 parole hearing of Manson Family killer, Leslie Van Houten. This is truly a collector’s item for anyone interested in true crime.

PRICE : $10

 

This is the 1998 parole hearing of Manson Family killer, Leslie Van Houten. This is truly a collector’s item for anyone interested in true crime.

PRICE : $10

 

This is the 2000 parole hearing of Manson Family killer, Leslie Van Houten. This is truly a collector’s item for anyone interested in true crime.

PRICE : $10

 

This DVD includes the very rare 1990 parole hearing of Manson Family killer, CHARLES TEX WATSON. This is truly a collector’s item for anyone interested in true crime.

PRICE : $10

 

This DVD includes the very rare 1993 parole hearing of Manson Family killer, SUSAN ATKINS. This is truly a collector’s item for anyone interested in true crime.

PRICE : $10

 

This DVD includes the very rare 2000 parole hearing of Manson Family killer, SUSAN ATKINS. This is truly a collector’s item for anyone interested in true crime.

PRICE : $10

 

This DVD includes hours of rare and lost footage from the Manson family. On this DVD you will find an amazing mix of raw footage, home videos, interviews, parole hearings and much much more!

PRICE : $10

 

This DVD includes hours of rare and lost footage from the Manson family. On this DVD you will find an amazing mix of raw footage, home videos, interviews, parole hearings and much much more!

PRICE : $10

 

This DVD includes hours of rare and lost footage from the Manson family. On this DVD you will find an amazing mix of raw footage, home videos, interviews, parole hearings and much much more!

PRICE : $10

 

This DVD includes hours of rare and lost footage from the Manson family. On this DVD you will find an amazing mix of raw footage, home videos, interviews, parole hearings and much much more!

PRICE : $10

 

This DVD includes hours of rare and lost footage from the Manson family. On this DVD you will find an amazing mix of raw footage, home videos, interviews, parole hearings and much much more!

PRICE : $10

 

This DVD includes hours of rare and lost footage from the Manson family. On this DVD you will find an amazing mix of raw footage, home videos, interviews, parole hearings and much much more!

PRICE : $10

 

This DVD includes hours of rare and lost footage from the Manson family. On this DVD you will find an amazing mix of raw footage, home videos, interviews, parole hearings and much much more!

PRICE : $10

 

RARE INTERROGATION OF MANSON FAMILY CONFIDANT. Interrogation by Inyo Co. Sheriffs and the Dig for Bodies at Barker Ranch.

PRICE : $10

 

SERIAL KILLER & CULT LEADER DVD MEGA SETS

COMPLETE SERIAL KILLER ULTIMATE DVD SET

This 15 DVD collectors set includes: 1. The Very Rare Last Interview of Ted Bundy Before His Execution, 2. Rare Footage of David Berkowitz (the Son of Sam), 3. The Very Rare Unedited Police Footage of John Wayne Gacy (at Gacy’s house in 1978), 4. The Capture of Richard Ramirez (the Nightstalker), 5. Rare Footage of Richard Ramirez (Nightstalker), 6. Jeffrey Dahmer (Confessions of a Serial Killer), 7. Rare Jeffrey Dahmer Television Appearances, 8. Horror in Milwaukee (hours of rare Jeffrey Dahmer footage and original news clips), 9. Rare Footage of the Jeffrey Dahmer Trial, 10. Bizarre Rare Home Made Interview With OJ Simpson, 11. Rare Confession Footage of Gerald Parker Part One, 12. Rare Confession Footage of Gerald Parker Part Two, 13. Armageddon in Waco (rare David Koresh footage), 14. Rare Heaven's Gate Cult initiation Tape, and 15. Carnage in Columbine (The Columbine Tapes Volume One).

PRICE : $125


 

COMPLETE JEFFREY DAHMER DVD SET

This 4 DVD collectors set includes: 1. Jeffrey Dahmer - Confessions of a Serial Killer 2. Rare Jeffrey Dahmer Television Appearances, 3. Horror in Milwaukee (hours of rare Jeffrey Dahmer footage and original news clips), and 4. Rare Footage of the Jeffrey Dahmer Trial.

PRICE : $35


 

COMPLETE CHARLES MANSON INTERVIEW DVD SET

This 9 DVD collectors set includes: 1. THE BEST OF CHARLES MANSONS 1980 INTERVIEWS, 2. Manson Interview with GERALDO RIVERA (RARE UNCUT PRISON INTERVIEW TAKEN BY GUARDS) , 3. Manson Interview with ED SANDERS, 4 Manson Interview with PENNY DANIELS , 5. Manson Interview with RON REAGAN JR, 6. Manson Interview with CHARLIE ROSE, 7. Manson Interview with TOM SNYDER, 8. Manson Interview with BILL STOUT, and 9. The UNCUT CHARLES MANSON SUPERSTAR INTERVIEW.

PRICE : $75


 

COMPLETE CHARLES (MANSON) IN CHARGE DVD SET

This 7 DVD collectors set includes: 1. Charles (Manson) In Charge Volume One, 2. Charles (Manson) In Charge Volume Two, 3. Charles (Manson) In Charge Volume Three, 4.Charles (Manson) In Charge Volume One, 6. Manson Interview with RON REAGAN JR, 5. Manson Interview with CHARLIE ROSE, 8. Manson Interview with TOM SNYDER, 9. Manson Interview with BILL STOUT, and 10. The UNCUT CHARLES MANSON SUPERSTAR INTERVIEW.

PRICE : $55


 

FEATURED SERIAL KILLER ARTICLE

PEOPLE WHO HAVE SURVIVED VICIOUS SERIAL KILLERS

By Lori Bell

Most people remember the names of infamous serial killers. Ted Bundy, Jeffrey Dahmer, John Wayne Gacy --- these names and more ring unwanted through our collective psyche, their crimes too horrendous to ignore. However, very few remember the names of the victims of these depraved individuals, perhaps because most never live to tell their tale.

In some cases, though, there are those who are fortunate enough to escape the clutches of madness. Their stories serve as lessons in survival that we can all learn from, lessons that could very well have saved a life.

Maria Viricheva:

Three months pregnant and unmarried, 19 – year – old Maria Viricheva was working as a saleswoman at the time of her encounter with one of Russia’s most notorious serial killers --- Alexander Pichuskin. Known by the seemingly bizarre name “The Chessboard Killer,” this deranged individual set out to kill as many people as there are spaces on a chessboard. He later refuted this claim, confessing that had he not been caught, he would have continued killing indeterminately.

Attracted to the idea of having the power over the life or death of another person, Pichuskin explained that he felt like God when he was carrying out the murders. He would end the lives of his victims with a hammer blow to the head. Chillingly he is quoted as saying, “I killed in order to live because when you kill, you want to live.”

Maria was new at her job and had been set up with it by her boyfriend, who was also the father of her child. Earlier that day, the two had gotten into an argument,  and afterward she found herself distraught in a metro station in Moscow. Pichuskin spied Maria, and noting her obvious state of despair, struck up a conversation with her. Maria, desperate and alone, welcomed the company.

Hearing of her situation, Pichuskin offered her a chance to earn some additional money, telling her that he had stashed some stolen cameras in a well in nearby Bittsevsky Park, and that he would give her some to sell. Even though it was late in the evening, Maria not even knowing if her job would be there in the morning anyway, agreed to go with him to retrieve the cameras.

When they arrived at the spot, Pichuskin lifted the cover from the well and told her to look inside. As she did so, he quickly snatched her up and threw her in. She clung to the sides of the well to avoid falling, but Pichuskin grabbed her head and repeatedly slammed it into the side of the well. She had little choice but to let go. The last thing she heard was her killer yell, “take a bath there!” as she plummeted into the darkness.

She tumbled over 30ft. before landing knee – deep in sewage water that was rapidly flowing down a drain pipe. She was caught in the current, and only by swiftly removing her jacket and boots, did she manage to place her hands and feet on the sides of the drain and stop her further decent. Had she not done so, she would have reached the end of the drain pipe to a section that was completely filled with water and drowned.

Fortunately, she stopped herself near another well leading up from the drain pipe and managed to climb to the top, only to find that she was too weak to push the well cover open above her. Luckily, a passing woman heard her cries for help and saw the well cover raise a bit as Maria tried to pry it open, and the woman ran to alert security guards. They lifted the well cover and pulled Maria to safety.

Unbelievably, the police refused to investigate the incident and forced Maria to sign a statement saying that she had fallen down the well herself. She was only brought in to identify her attacker when he was finally apprehended under suspicion of 48 murders. Had the police done their job the first time, many lives might have been saved.

Viricheva is one three people known to have survived attacks by Pichuskin. One survivor has no recollection of the attack because of the head injury Pichuskin inflicted, while the third was a homeless boy, Mikhail Lobov, who was 14 when Pichuskin threw him down the well. He submitted written testimony to the court. He said he tried to tell police about Pichuskin but that they would not listen to a homeless boy.

Pichuskin told the court that he almost had a nervous breakdown when he saw Maria Viricheva near her apartment about six months after the attack. Pichuskin is serving the first part of his sentence, which he must spend in solitary confinement.

Whitney Bennett:

Young Whitney Bennett could not have known that leaving her bedroom window unlocked before she went to bed on the night of July 4, 1985, would lead to her being viciously attacked. This innocent mistake would lead her to a night of pure horror and a lifetime of suffering. That night Richard Ramirez, also known as The Night Stalker, crept through her bedroom window and savagely beat her with a tire iron before ransacking her room and taking all the valuables.

The only thing the young girl could be thankful for was that the first few blows quickly rendered her unconscious, though the strangulation marks which were on her neck after the attack indicated that luck was truly on her side that night. Two nights later, Ramirez perpetrated an almost identical attack against another woman, Joyce L. Nelson, in her home. This time, the attack was fatal.

The crime scene Ramirez left behind him was covered in Whitney’s blood, and his bloody shoe print was found on her comforter. The distinctive print also turned up at many other Night Stalker crime scenes. One such bloody shoe print was found on the left cheek of Joyce L. Nelson. He had also carelessly left the tire iron on her bedroom floor. As for Whitney Bennett, she was left with permanent scarring from the attack and had to undergo extensive cosmetic surgery.

It was her testimony that helped convict Ramirez of his crimes during his trial and ensured that he received the death sentence. Ramirez was on trial for 13 murders in Los Angeles County. The self – proclaimed devil worshipper from El Paso, also faced 30 other felony counts stemming from the series of nighttime attacks in 1984 and 1985. He faced a 14th murder charge in San Francisco, and an attempted murder and sexual assault charges in Orange County. He ended up dying in prison of natural causes at the age of 53 before the execution could take place.

Rhonda Williams:

After 40 years of silence, Rhonda Williams decided that enough was enough and finally worked up the courage to tell of her twisted involvement with one of Houston’s most notorious serial killers. Dean Corll, and his younger accomplice, Elmer Wayne Henley, we’re responsible for the murders of 29 young boys, all lured into Corll’s clutches for the purpose of satisfying his sadistic sexual urges.

Dean Arnold Corll exclusively targeted teenage boys. He worked from 1965 to 1968 in his family’s candy company, giving him his horrid nickname, “The Candy Man.” He lured many if his victims with free candy and also free alcohol and Marijuana.  His rampage lasted from 1970 to 1973, during which he befriended two wayward accomplices, David Brooks, and Elmer Henley.

Rhonda Williams had befriended Henley during her teenage years and thought Henley was someone she could trust. Growing up in an atmosphere of severe abuse and neglect, she was often beaten by her alcoholic father and was even raped repeatedly as a toddler.

In August 1973, she placed her trust in Henley once again as he snuck up to her bedroom window to help her escape another episode of abuse at the hands of her father. Another boy, Tim Kerley, was waiting in the car for them and the three drove away to what Williams thought was safety. Had she known Henley’s true motives, she certainly would have decided against letting him “rescue” her.

The trio arrived at Corll’s home, where they partied until they passed out. Williams woke to a scene of unimaginable horror. She and two other boys were bound hand and foot. Corll began kicking and screaming for her to wake up, then he and Henley took the other two captives to another room and lashed them both to what can only be described as “torture boards.”  Naively, she still believed that Henley would not let her be hurt, even as she heard the screams of her captive companions.

Her trust was finally broken when Henley told her that he would have to shoot her before the ordeal was over. However, something in Henley finally broke, and instead he turned the gun on Corll and shot him dead, saving the lives of all the captives.  Then Henley reached for the phone and called police.

Williams survived her night of horror thanks to the conscience of her friend, and although he was jailed for a short time she made a promise to him to remain silent about her ordeal from then on, only to speak about it publicly four decades later. Henley, still in prison for his role in luring victims to Corll, remains in contact with Williams to this day.

Teresa Thornhill :

Robert Black was a convicted child murderer and pedophile, who claimed four young victims in Scotland between the 1970s and 1990s. Teresa Thornhill was one of the few known survivors of his attacks. Black was convicted in 1994 of the murders of 11 – year – old Susan Maxwell from the Scottish Borders, five – year – old Caroline Hogg, from Edinboro,  and Sarah Harper, 10 from Morley near Leeds.

On a warm day in April 1988, Teresa, 15 at the time, was walking home when she caught the eye of Black, who was parked in a van by her house. Faking car trouble as he exited the back of his van, Black asked the young girl if she knew anything about engines. When she approached, he grabbed her and placed one hand over her mouth, pinned her arms by her sides, and tried to pull her into his van through the back doors. She screamed and bit his arm, causing him to drop her just as a friend in the neighborhood came running to help, scaring Black off. After her frightening experience she ran to her home and her parents called the police. But it was already too late --- Black had already disappeared.

Two years passed and the young girl remained traumatized by her experience, almost never going outside. She was one of the witnesses to testify against him at his trial, where he was convicted of the three murders and her kidnapping, receiving a life sentence for his crimes. While still in prison, he was convicted of killing his fourth victim, a nine – year –old girl. To this day, police are still investigating his case and suspect him of many more murders.

Black has long been the prime suspect in the disappearance of 13 – year – old, Genette Tate, who was last seen on a country lane in Aylesbeare, Devon, in 1978. No trace of the newspaper delivery girl has ever been found.

Teresa Thornhill says, “I can still see Robert Black’s face every day.”

Tali Shapiro:

Eleven – year – old, Tali Shapiro didn’t like taking the bus, so almost every day she would walk to school from her home in West Hollywood. On a September morning in 1969, the young girl’s decision to walk the short distance to her school would prove to be a costly mistake.

While walking down South Boulevard that morning, Rodney Acala approached her in his vehicle and asked her if she wanted a ride. She refused, saying that she was not allowed to talk to strangers. He assured her that he knew her family and told her that he had a beautiful picture to show her. Though wary, she approached his car. That’s the last thing she remembers from that morning. Luckily, another man saw the abduction and called the police.

Rodney Acala became known as, “The Dating Game Killer,” after appearing as a contestant on the Dating Game show during the midst of his murder spree. Posing as a professional photographer, Acala took over 1,000 disturbing photographs of women. While none of these individuals have been positively identified as a missing person or unsolved homicide victim, there may come a time when they are realized as casualties of the Dating Game Killer.

When the police arrived at his door, Acala tried to stall them by claiming that he was  in the  shower, forcing them to kick the door in. Acala escaped out the back door and the officers found young Tali on the floor of his apartment in a state of near death, with a metal bar across her neck, as if Acala had just been pinning her down when they arrived. The young girl was also found to have been sexually assaulted. She was rushed to the hospital and thankfully, survived her atrack.

Tali Shapiro was the second person to testify for jurors who were considering the death penalty for Acala, who was convicted of killing four Los Angeles County  women and a 10 – year – old Huntington Beach ballet student. Like many brave victims recounted in this article, Tali Shapiro later testified against her assailant, helping to convict him. He was sentenced to death.

Acala, who had been representing himself, asked if she remembered him apologizing to her when she testified at an earlier trial. She said she did not.  “I sincerely regret and apologize for my despicable actions that day,” was the apology he made. Shapiro did not respond.

Rose Steward:

Although Rose Steward has every justification for hating Dean Carter, in an incredible act of forgiveness, she actively campaigns to spare from the death penalty for her rape and the murders of five other people.

On March 29, 1984, Steward was woken up by an intruder holding a knife to her neck. Over the next five hours she was repeatedly raped and tortured by him, losing consciousness twice during the attack. She only managed to survive ordeal by pretending to “like” her attacker, even going so far as to kiss him, which caused him to leave without taking her life. When her nightmare was finally over, she immediately sought help from a neighbor, who contacted the police. Carter went on to rape and strangle five other women throughout California over the next 18 days, and it was Steward’s testimony in part, that helped prosecutors ensure that he received the death penalty for his crimes.

After her assault, Steward started sleeping on her living room floor. She kept a loaded gun under her pillow --- even after Carter was arrested during a traffic stop a month later with his victim’s belongings in his car.

During their first courtroom encounter --- Steward said she managed to stare down Carter and felt stronger as a result. Steward worried about how the victim’s families would regard her. She had come to know the slain women --- Jillette Lenora Mills, 25, Susan Lynn Knoll, 25, Bonnie Ann Gunthrie, 34, Janette Anne Cullins, 24, and Tok Chum Kim, 42, --- as “sisters” and saw herself as their voice.

Would their families resent her for living while their loved one’s died? Could she have prevented their murders by doing something differently? Did he kill because he realized she had tricked him and decided to leave no more witnesses? The loved ones of the other victims did not blame her. They were kind and warm.

As he now sits on death row awaiting his fate, Steward herself has actively campaigned against the death penalty, supporting what is known as California Proposition 34, a ballot to replace all death sentences with sentences of life without parole. Some of the other victim’s families are understandably shocked by her decision. This has left Steward torn between her belief that the death penalty is wrong, and her personal understanding of her fellow victim’s pain. Only time will tell if Rose Steward will be there to see Carter’s last day.

Bryan Hartnell:

While Bryan Hartnell was attending school at Pacific Union College in San Francisco in the late 1960s, he had no idea that his bright future would forever be scarred by one truly horrifying day. After driving to a scenic lake in a remote part of the city with his girlfriend, Cecilia Shephard, the couple parked their car and planned to enjoy their day in privacy. Unbeknownst to them, the unknown man who would later be dubbed the Zodiac Killer had other plans for them.

While they remained in their car, a man wearing a black hood and a shirt with cross hairs etched on the front, approached the couple and forced them out of the car at gunpoint. After forcing them to the ground, he proceeded to stab both of them repeatedly. Then he just vanished, leaving them for dead. Cecilia was later able to provide a description of the killer before she died in the hospital. Bryan however, never saw his face and thus was left with the frustration of not knowing who it was that took the life of the one he loved.

Hartnell was stabbed 8 times, his companion, Cecilia, between 10 and 20. She died a day later at the hospital. Investigators say it was one of the most brutal attacks they’ve ever seen. They believe the Zodiac used a knife so passersby wouldn’t hear the sound of gunshots. Following the attack the Zodiac Killer calmly walked away leaving intentional clues as to his identity. He wanted to make it clear there was a serial killer on the loose. The Zodiac craved attention.

Thankfully, the years that passed healed Hartnell’s wounds not only physically, but emotionally as well.  Bryan is now a probate attorney and is married with a family of his own. The Zodiac Killer remains unidentified to this day and is still one of the most enduring crime mysteries of the 20th century.

Corazon Attenza:

It was Corazon Attenza, a 23 – year – old exchange nurse from the Phillipines, who opened the door to her apartment on the night of July 13, 1966, and unknowingly allowed brutal mass murderer, Richard Speck, into her and her roommates’ lives. The first thing she noticed about him was the strong smell of alcohol. She also saw the small gun he had pulled from his black jacket. She was also the only one that survived that terrifying night.

Richard Speck committed all his murders in one day, sneaking into a housing facility for student nurses and stabbing eight of them to death. Speck’s savagery evoked world – wide horror and headlines --- and left a terrifying legacy: the growing fear that Americans weren’t save anymore, even in their own homes.

Gun in hand, Speck forced his way into the home and herded the girls into the common room. He sliced some of the bed sheets into makeshift ropes and bound them all tightly. At first, he didn’t harm the women, telling them he just wanted some money, and that he would leave them alone. After a short while, though, one by one, Speck proceeded to rape, stab and mutilate them while Corazon, wracked with fear, hid under the beds in the room. At one point, one of her friends was being assaulted on the bed directly above her.

The attacks went on for almost six hours, with Corazon not daring to even whimper the entire time. Finally, at around five in the morning, it was over. Due to Speck being highly intoxicated at the time of the attacks, he apparently forgot about her and left the apartment after he thought his work was finished. She escaped the scene of carnage through a bedroom window after he left, and screamed for help. Her cries were heard by her neighbors and her waking nightmare came to an end.

Due to the overwhelming amount of physical evidence Speck had left at the scene --- and the fact that he had an extensive criminal record already --- he was caught shortly afterward when he checked himself into a local hospital after attempting suicide. He had slashed his wrists after learning that he’d left Corazon alive, and a doctor at the hospital recognized him from newspaper reports and contacted the police. Nine months later, a jury took only 49 minutes of deliberation to sentence him to the electric chair. His sentence was later overturned by the Supreme Court in 1972 and he was given eight consecutive terms of 50 to 150 years.

On December 5, a part of the terror ended when Speck, 49, died of a heart attack in a hospital near Joliet, Illinois, where he had been held for 24 years. Cremated by the state, and never showing any remorse for his crimes, Speck took with him the horror of those crimes.

Larry Flynt:

Larry Flynt is famous as the outspoken and flamboyant publisher of Hustler magazine, and the creator of a business empire. He is also famous for nearly being assassinated by one, Joseph Paul Franklin, in an attempt that left Mr. Flynt paralyzed from the waist down, when he was hit by two bullets from Franklin’s high powered rifle.

What is not commonly known is that Mr. Flynt’s assailant was a serial killer who was tried and convicted for eight murders across the United States between 1977 and 1980, though he claimed to have killed a dozen more in an attempt to start a “race war” in the country. Franlkin, a member of the Ku Klux Klan, and a Neo – Nazi, spoke of “being at war.” Flynt was a direct contradiction to Franklin’s highly religious beliefs and his moral stance against pornography, particularly the interracial deceptions that were featured in Hustler at the time. It was on March 6, 1978, that both Mr. Flynt and his lawyer were shot by Franklin, who confessed in prison after being sentenced for another shooting in which he received the death penalty.

Though Larry Flynt, who was left in constant pain, could have understandably wished to see his assailant die, he actually lobbied for Franklin’s sentence to be commuted to life in prison due to his stance against the death penalty itself. To quote him exactly: “In all the years since the shooting, I have never come face –to – face with Franklin. I would love an hour in a room with him and a pair of wire – cutters and pliers, so I could inflict the same damage on him that he inflicted on me. But, I do not want to kill him, nor do I want to see him die …I just don’t think that the government should be in the business of killing people. And I  think punishment by putting someone in a three – by – six cell, is a lot greater than if you snuff out their life in a few seconds with a lethal injection.”

Flynt filed a motion with the American Civil Liberties  Union in an effort to have Franklin’s sentence commuted to be life behind bars. Despite Flynt’s best efforts, Joseph Franklin was executed in November 2013. Franklin made no statement before his execution, but told CNN during an interview that he was no longer racist, had found religion, and repented.

Rebecca Garde:

Rebecca Garde worked as a telemarketer in Seattle in 1982. She had just gotten off work and was tired of waiting out in the rain for her bus, so she decided to hitchhike home on a cold night in November. The man who eventually offered her a ride seemed as ordinary as the Dodge pickup he was driving, so she happily accepted his offer. Had she known that he would eventually be convicted of killing 48 women like her, she might have declined instead. She had no way of knowing that the driver was Gary Ridgway, the Green River Killer, one of the most prolific serial killers. She didn’t know the terror he had in store for her.

While riding in his vehicle, she offered him sex in exchange for $20, figuring she could use the money to buy weed when she got home. It was at this point that she began to get an odd feeling about the man she was with, so as a precaution, she asked to see his identification, which he agreed to. This put her a little more at ease --- at least he wasn’t a cop. They parked by a trailer park and the man suggested they go into the woods for some privacy.  Once they reached a spot that was relatively secluded, Gary Ridgway attacked, and tried to strangle her to death from behind. Fighting him off by pushing him into a tree, she stunned him and ran to a nearby trailer for help. Her attacker immediately fled the scene.

Due to her lifestyle and a general fear of the police, Garde waited nearly two years after her attack before she contacted the authorities, and though her forthcoming would not lead directly to his capture, it did help law enforcement build a more solid case around the most prolific killer in the United States. Ridgway picked up and killed at least 15 more women in the same area along the Pacific Highway South, where he attacked Garde. Her description of him at least gave them something to move on.

The majority of Ridgway’s victims were teenage girls who had left tough or abusive homes, turning to the streets where they supported drug habits through prostitution. In 2001, Ridgway was finally apprehended and sentenced to life in prison. At the time of their brief initial encounter, Garde said she thought Ridgway seemed odd. At 5’11”, and 150lbs, he wasn’t very imposing, though she remembers that his hands were large and his eyes small. Most of all, she said, “I remember the look in his eyes.” Rebecca Garde remains his only known surviving victim.

We could never imagine the horror that these victims felt during their ordeals but, the exhilaration of escape must have been mind boggling too. Although they are “survivors,” their turmoil continues as they struggle everyday with the memories of how close they were to becoming a statistic. Their brave efforts saved lives and calmed fears of many, and brought to light the identities of the many victims who lost their battle with evil.



 
Murderbilia
Copy and paste the code below in to your website to add our killer web banner. If you have any trouble with this flash banner, you will find many more banners to use in our downloads section. Be sure to let us know that you used one of our banners so we can add a link to your site in our massive links page.

SERIAL KILLER MAGAZINE
Murderabelia
SERIAL KILLER MURDEREBILIA

CLICK HERE TO CONTACT US FOR PRICING INFORMATION, BANNER SWAPS, ARTWORK SUBMISSION OR SUGGESTIONS AT MADHATTERDESIGN@GMAIL.COM